Zakat Conditions: Stipulations of Zakah:
1) Zakat is an individual duty on every muslim, sane, major (man or woman).
2) The denier of zakaat is an unbeliever.
3) The evader of zakat is a transgressor, abator of payment is a sinner and a person preventing it is liable to be killed.
Zakat Conditions: for making zakah obligatory :
Zakat Conditions:The conditions for making zakah obligatory are as follows:-
1. A muslim (not obligatory) on an unbeliever(2))
2. Free (zakat is not obligatory on a slave).
3. Major (zakaat is not obligatory on a minor).
4. Sane (zakat is not obligatory on an insane person provided his insanity continues for a year). Lucid intervals for few days will make it obligatory.
5. There is a prescribed holding (nisab) (if the nisab(3) falls a little short zakaat will not be obligatory).
Warning:- The prescribed estate and effects on which zakat is compulsory is called nisab.
6. Full propriety (i.e. the entire property on which propriety and possession both are there) the propriety without possession(4) or possession without propriety(5) is there the absolute propriety is not there therefore zakaat is not obligatory.
7.The property is more than the self requirement(6) (on the residential houses, apparels in use, utensils, animals of conveyance, slaves in service, service weapons, granary or eatables of the dependents, all the decorative artefacts other than gold and silver because they are personal effects zakat is not obligatory. The books which are not for sale whether they are with the scholars or other persons no zakaat. The implements of artisans which are in use in their profession no zakat. If the implements are of such a nature that their utility exists eg. colour, purchased by the painter for colouring the cloth with charges including saffron, bastards saffron more than the minimum holding of one year old zakat is compulsory on them. Similarly the cash earmarked for any personal requirements but these requirements are not fulfilled during the current year zakaat will be compulsory on it. If the requirements are completed within the year no zakat.
Not obligatory(1) : If any unbeliever embraces islam he will not be ordered to pay zakat for his pre islamic period.
Unbeliever(2) : Similarly the zakaat is not obligatory on a person who has turned apostate after zakat became obligatory.
If the nisab(3) : Provided that estate and effects will remain for a span of one year. The effects which will not remain for a span of one year such as perishable goods like cucumber, sweet melon, water melon, vegetables, etc. no zakaat is due on them.
Possession(4) : Such as dower before possession.
Without propriety(5) : The possession by a person anticipating loan without propriety..
Self requirement(6) : The things required for sustenance are called the self requirements.
8.Not a borrower or a debtor (in possession of a holding but he is indebted and after repayment of loan the holding is reduced the zakat is not obligatory provided the loan is such that it can be demanded by the public. Whether it is of the public, (such as hand loan(1) , capital(2) or penalty etc.) or of Allah zakat(3)). However the demand for repayment is not from the public it is not important here that means it will not exempt him from zakaat (vows, expiation, alms, propitiatory offerings, qurbani, haj(4), etc) The dower of the wife is also included in the debt. If the dower is prompt zakat is not obligatory on the wife till the husband pays the dower. If the dower is deferred one and being demanded zakaat will not be obligatory until the dower is paid. If the dower is deferred one and not subject to demand (like the present day dower of deferred payment and it is not demanded till the death and divorce) zakat will not be eliminated from the husband but remains payable.
Warning:-The loan which hinders the zakat if pertains to an earlier period of obligation. If it pertains to the post obligation period of zakaat it will have no effect. The zakat will be compulsory.
Hand loan(1) : Whether in cash, in weight, in measurement, prompt or in terms.
Capital(2) or penalty : Such as the value of property purchased.
Of Allah zakat(3) : Whether the zakat is due on animals or cash (silver and gold) or the goods of exchange.
Warning:- The debt on zakat means is a person is proprietor of a estate and effects and a period of two years is passed on it but no zakat is paid then only one year zakat will be due from him not for the second year because if the zakaat for the first year is deducted then the nisab will not remain as such. The zakat for the second year will not be obligatory on him.
Qurbani, Hajj(4), etc : If the expenditure thereon is deducted from the nisab the nisab will not remain even then zakat is obligatory.
9.The holding (nisab) is a nami (that means it is increasing either in reality with instant proportion or reproduction or by exchange or by mear fortune) after its possession and control.
Thereafter there are two categories of each.
1.By nature that means by birth it is growing like silver and gold.`
2.By action means the growth is through industry by human beings except silver and gold the rest of the things are through art and craft.. From out of silver and gold when they are more than nisab zakat is obligatory, whether they are kept with the intention of business or to be minted or not minted or whether it is jewellery or utensils made out of it or they are kept as it is. Except gold and silver for all other things (how costly they may be of pearls and jewels) zakaat will be obligatory when there is intention of trade and growth. The intention to trade made at the time of purchase is taken into consideration. If after purchase intention to trade is made will not be counted unless the dealing is not started. If any goods are purchased with an intention to sell them or subsequently change the idea then zakat will not be obligatory on it. In brief the zakaat is payable on three types of holdings, cash, gold and silver, goods of exchange, on saima (camel) i.e. on animals left for rearing.
10.These articles are held for more than a year(1) (the holding was complete at the beginning and at the end of the year but it was reduced in the middle this reduction is not counted)(zakat will be obligatory). If there is a holding (nisab) and during the year some more wealth of this nature is added the zakaat will also be due on it(2). On this wealth passing of a new year is not necessary. If added wealth is not of same nature (there were camels now goats are added) it is not to be mixed with the present wealth whereas a fresh year will be counted for them
Clause:-.After attaining propriety over the nisab it is lawful to pay zakat before the end of the year provided the entire nisab is remained in full. But before the acquisition of proprietary payment of zakaat is not tenable (it is not treated as zakat).
Appeal: Zakat Conditions
Being a Muslim it is must to spread saying (Ahadith) of Prophet (PBUH) to each and every one for which one will be rewarded both in this world and life hereafter.