In the Name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful.
Bismillah Walhamdulillah Was Salaatu Was Salaam ‘ala Rasoolillah
As-salaamu `alaykum wrb,
Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds; and may His blessings and peace be upon our Prophet Syedina Muhammad (ﷺ) and upon all his Family and Companions.
HAZRAT ALI MAULA ‘ALI ALAYHI SALAAM
4th Caliph of Rashidun Caliphate.
Al-Murtaza (Chosen One).
Amir Al-Mu’mineen (Commander of the Faithful). Rasool
Fourth rightly guided Caliph Successor of Hazrath Muhammed (ﷺ) and Amir al-Mu’minin (“Commander of the Faithful”).
Biography Of Hazrat Ali :
Full name Alī (R.A ): Sayyiduna Hazrat Ali Bin Talib Karramallahu Wajhul Kareem (رضي الله تعالى عنه).
Born: 13th Rajab 23 BH, 600 or Sep. 20, 601 or Jul. 17, 607 CE.
Birth place: Kaaba Mecca, Arabia.
Died: 21st Ramadan ul Mubarak 40 AH ≈ Jan. 27, 661 CE.
Death place: Great Masjid of Kufa, Iraq.
Father: Hazrath Syedina Abu T’alib ibn ‘Abd al-Mutt’Alib, R.A.
Mother: Hazratha Sayyida Fatima bint Asad R.A., ‘‘Ali (R.A)
On the 19th of Ramadan 40 AH, which would correspond to January 25/26, 661 CE, while praying in the Great Mosque of Kufa, Hazrat Ali Maula رضي الله تعالى عنه was attacked by the Kharijite Abd-al-Rahman ibn Muljam. He was wounded by ibn Muljam poison-coated sword while prostrating in the Fajr prayer. Hazrat Ali رضي الله تعالى عنه ordered his sons not to attack the Kharijites, instead stipulating that if he survived, ibn Muljam would be pardoned whereas if he died, ibn Muljam should be given only one equal hit (regardless of whether or not he died from the hit).
Hazrat Ali رضي الله تعالى عنه died a few days later on 21 Ramadan 40 A.H January 31, 661 CE Hazrath Hasan رضي الله تعالى عنه fulfilled Qisas and gave equal punishment to ibn Muljam upon Hazrat Ali’s Martyrdom.
SAYYIDUNA HAZRAT ALI (رضي الله تعالى عنه)
The most appropriate portrait of person Hazrat Ali (R.A) is presented in Rasoolullah’ s (ﷺ) own words:
“Spender of nights in prayer, recitation, study and compilation of the Qur’an and absolute in modesty and faith”.
SPIRITUAL AFFILIATION Hazrat Ali (رضي الله تعالى عنه)
Rasoolullah (ﷺ) purpose in this world was to link those who had disregarded their Creator and to remind them that life does not only belong to this world.
Activity, communications, eating and sleeping does not comprise total life. Life is not judging oneself superior and others inferior but, there is more to life.
He also explained that there is another life after this wherein every act will be scaled. Whoever has good actions shall acquire its fruits. Those with evil actions will be chastised. Rasool (ﷺ) furnished examples for us so that we should contemplate on them. Examine! Man has one style of mould. Birth occurs in one manner via which a beginning results.
Then what reasoning makes one consider oneself superior to others. Only one whose actions are meritorious is superior. Allah only judges one as scrupulous and deserving of reverence if one has immaculate and virtuous qualities’.
Ponder! Allah has secured those towering mountains on the ground. He has created this pure, clean water for assisting the people in their responsibility. This water which can neither be weighed nor evaluated. It fills rivers and gushes away to the oceans. This water which enriches fields and man can procure his food from the cultivated lands.
There is silver, gold and gems in the earth. Man extracts these and utilises these for adornment.
But in doing all these activities and assignments he should not disregard his Creator, who is One, as that is the spirit of life. For recognizing Allah neither a human body is required, nor a brain, but a heart.
It must not happen that darkness penetrates the heart and man begins staggering, getting engrossed in controversy and flouncing about with pride. Life is primarily the life of the heart. If the heart is ‘Alive then one has everything. If the heart is dead then there is nothing-no life.
To safeguard the heart from darkness develop light and kindness in it and keep it ‘Alive. Rasoolullah (ﷺ) demonstrated the modes of worshipping. He displayed religious devotions for instituting a semblance with Allah. He taught us how to stay awake for Allah’s remembrance and gave spiritual education to his successors.
He taught things by which good character, justice, mercy, love and honesty developed in the people. For the objective of establishing a link with these things Hazrat Ali (رضي الله تعالى عنه) trained such disciples who had humility and love.
Hazrat Ali’s (رضي الله تعالى عنه) disciples continued these teachings.
They also taught that one should not divorce oneself from others and sit isolated in a cave. If a person sits detached, trying to cleanse himself getting polluted with the filth of the world and prevents himself only from evil then he is practicing selfishness.
No! The Islamic way is to dwell among people and display to them a model! One’s pattern should be that eating does not mean eating by oneself but also filling the bellies of others. Comfort is not only ones own but also giving rest to others.
Hazrat Ali (رضي الله تعالى عنه) made such a sequence whose bond join one another. These Chisti, Nazami, Sabiri and Qadiri (orders) are couplings of that same chain which by its own pragmatic example enriched world history. Wherever fountains of spiritual blessings circulate, or the lamps to eradicate the darkness of sin are lit, they are all, in actual fact , the service of Hazrat Ali (رضي الله تعالى عنه).
We have recorded these facts so that you understand that there was requirement for a spiritual affiliation for the Muslims also. This relationship of ours with Hazrat Ali (Ra) has become very authoritative. The manner in which Hazrath ‘Ali (Ra) established this relationship shall remain till Qiyamat. We cannot ever be alleviated of the responsibility of gratitude owed to Hazrat Ali (Ra).
Sayyedina Hazrat Ali (Ra) who is also called Abul Hasan, Abu Turab, Haider and Lion of Allah was the paternal cousin of Rasoolullah (ﷺ). Rasoolullah (ﷺ), son of Abdullah, son of Abdul Muttalib and Hazrat Ali (Razi Allahu anhu) was the son of Abu Talib son of Abdul Muttalib. Thus he was near and dear to Rasoolullah (ﷺ).
He remained under the guardianship of the Rasoolullah (ﷺ) from childhood and observed Rasoolullah’ s (ﷺ) world-adorning beauty by way of his nightly worshipping and devotions, Rasoolullah’ s (ﷺ) considerate treatment of people, method of communicating and etiquette.
These were then the identical deeds which Hazrat Ali (Ra) displayed and taught to others.
Rasoolullah’ s (ﷺ) love for Hazrat Ali (Ra) was so immense that few people began considering that Rasoolullah (ﷺ) informed him about certain secretive things of Deen which he had not disclosed to others. Once someone directly asked him concerning this. In reply Hazrat Ali (رضي الله تعالى عنه) said: “Nothing which is hidden from the Ummat has been shown to me”. Nonetheless, it is a fact that Allah has blessed a greater share of Quranic perception to some and less to others. Some comprehend the realities of Deen more than others.
On another occasion someone else inquired:”Has Rasoolullah (ﷺ) shown anything to you which he did not show to anyone else?” Hazrat Ali (Ra) replied: “No” It was due to his great understanding that when he once saw Rasoolullah (ﷺ) and Khadija (RadiAllahu- anha) performing Namaaz he was at first surprised when Rasoolullah (ﷺ) explained that it was worship by which purity is created in the heart and said: “Think! Should you bow before idols or the One Allah?” Sayyiduna Hazrat Ali (رضي الله تعالى عنه) pondered about this and enhanced himself with the wealth of Islaam on the very next day.
What are the ages of 10 or 11 meant for? These are days of play. But observe Hazrat Ali (رضي الله تعالى عنه)! In him the inquiry for the truth had commenced. He detached himself from his family and tribe; in re’Ality from all the customs of the community and began walking solitary; he believed in the Oneness of Allah and the Rislaat of Muhammad (ﷺ).There was no class of loyalty which he did not exhibit. There is no category of chivalrous action which he did execute .
We only have to think for ourselves. At the time of Hijrat when the enemies had encompassed Rasoolullah’ s (ﷺ) house and were standing, intent on killing him, Hazrat Ali (رضي الله تعالى عنه) covered himself with the sheet of the Rasoolullah (ﷺ) and slept without anxiety.
Rasoolullah (ﷺ) said: “‘Ali do not be alarmed ! I am going. I have some valuables of people in my possession which you must return, and then meet me in Madinah.”
Who can execute this responsibility ? Only one who is loyal, to whom Rasoolullah’ s life is dearer than his own.
Prominent personal wished to marry Rasoolullah’ s (ﷺ) daughter, Sayyiduna Fatima (RadiAllahu- anha) the leader of the women in Jannat. But Rasoolullah (ﷺ) preferred Sayyiduna Hazrat Ali (Ra).
Sayyiduna Hazrat Ali (Ra) was not wealthy; he was neither of high society nor a merchant. His was a life of impoverishment and worship. One deliberation relates to another.
Sayyiduna Hazrat Ali’s (Ra) was a excellent host. He fed his guests with the very finest food. Once some guests arrived and proceeded to the Masjid. They saw a person sitting in the Masjid’s corner in pauper’s clothing, in communication with Allah. What did the guests know who this person was ?
At meal time they suggested to Hasan (Ra) that he should contemplate sending food to the saintly person sitting in the Masjid.
Hazrath Hasan (رضي الله تعالى عنه) responded smilingly, “That is my father”. All those boons, great hospitality and heartedness all attained as a result of emulating his footsteps and his fasting. He broke his fast with a small piece of cake made of barley. He endured in worship for as long as he desired.
It cannot be stressed enough that wealth, high social position and enormous demands of business did not captivate Hazrat Ali (R.A). Rather, it was the act of accomplishing things for the pleasure of Allah, sacrifice and loyalty which made him Fatima’s (RadiAllahu- anha) husband. Sayyiduna Hazrat Ali’s (رضي الله تعالى عنه) objective was to be the beloved of Allah. Whatever he did and said. On every dauntless occasion Hazrat Ali (رضي الله تعالى عنه) was the assistant of Rasoolullah (ﷺ). There was only one battle in which the Rasoolullah (ﷺ) himself together with 30,000 fearless fighters left Madinah to encounter the Romans and Hazrat Ali (Ra) remained to protect the inhabitants and the city of Madinah.
Sayyiduna Hazrat Ali (Ra) even felt very depressed because he was unable to participate in battle to elevate the Deen of Islaam. Rasoolullah (ﷺ) consoled him: ” ‘Ali! Just as Allah had destined Haroon (Alaihis-Salaam) to assist his brother Moosa (Alaihis-Salaam) , so are you today in the position of Haroon to me”.
The Battle of Badr is well documented. Great and renowned chiefs of the Quraish participated in this battle. There was an army of 1,000 men, a hundred cavalry-men with Utba as the commander-in- chief. Great heroes accompanied this army. He (Utba) came out retorting: “Who is there to challenge me?” His ego had risen to such extent that he bothered for nobody. His brother and son were with him, all equipped with arms. When the Ansar of Madinah emerged to confront him he inflated his face and remarked: “You are not creditable of contesting me. There must be a appropriate match”.
On hearing this Sayyiduna Hazrat Ali (رضي الله تعالى عنه), Sayyiduna Hamza (رضي الله تعالى عنه) and Sayyiduna Abu Ubaidah (رضي الله تعالى عنه) stepped forward. Just like their opponents these people were Quraishi. This was a proper encounter. Their faces were such that pity did not penetrate their hearts by looking at their faces. These were, after all, related family folk, but the affiliation of Islaam superseded all.
Utba challenged Hamza (Ra) and his brother confronted Hazrath Ali (Ra). His son injured Abu Ubaida (Ra).Hamza (رضي الله تعالى عنه) killed Utbah and Hazrat Ali (رضي الله تعالى عنه) shattered Walid to segments with one blow. Then Shaiba who had wounded Abu Ubaida, was killed by Hazrat Ali (Ra) and the injured Abu Ubaida was taken before the Rasoolullah (ﷺ).
In the general battle Hazrat Ali (Ra) displayed such a spectacle of sword fighting that even the enemies acknowledged his supremacy.
In the Battle of Uhud Hazrat Ali (رضي الله تعالى عنه) demonstrated parallel spectacles. The flag bearer emerged singing:
“See, the flag bearer of the Quraish is emerging from the battle lines, saying. Look at the grandeur and listen to the war cry!”.
Oh Muslims! Who is there among you to send me to hell or take the road to Jannat after being martyred by my hand!” This was like a ridicule. Sayyiduna Hazrath ‘Ali (Razi Allahu anhu) exclaimed: “It is I who shall bulldoze you into the depths of hell!”. He then struck him such a blow with the sword that he collapsed to the ground, cutting his ankles. When they charged he displayed such feats of valour that they were left perplexed.
When the Rasoolullah (ﷺ) was wounded in Uhud, Hazrat Ali (رضي الله تعالى عنه) would fill and bring water in his shield and Fatima (Razi Allahu anha) would wash his blessed face. Hazrat Ali (R.A) also distinguished himself in the Battle of the Trench.
These days armies generally conceal themselves in underground cellars and launch onslaughts but in those days making a trench was an innovative move. The ground was first measured, then the volunteers dug it. Three thousand Muslim volunteers had come forward to dig. Each one was mandated to dig a length of 20 yards. The trench was only 10 yards wide and ten yards deep.
During the times of digging Rasoolullah (ﷺ) pitched a tent on a hillock and surveyed the progress. He would himself participate in the digging. Many a might passed without sleeping. Prominent Sahaba (Razi Allahu anhuma) and the Rasoolullah (ﷺ), together with his family which included Hazrath ‘Ali (Razi Allahu anhu), toiled day and night. When Muslims could not find any baskets Hazrath Abu-Bakr (Razi Allahu anhu) and Hazrath Umar (Razi Allahu anhu) would briskly fill the soil in their clothes and dispose of it. The digging of this trench lasted for about three weeks.
COURAGEOUS FEATS AT THE BATTLE OF THE TRENCH
The enemies had a warrior named Amr bin Abd-e-Du. The enemies proclaimed that not even by a thousand cavalrymen could overwhelm him. Amr advanced and yelled. “Who is there to challenge, me I am Amr bin And-e-du!”.
Sayyiduna Hazrat Ali (رضي الله تعالى عنه) entreated: “Oh Rasool of Allah! I shall encounter this foe of Allah”.
Rasoolullah (ﷺ) restrained Hazrat Ali (رضي الله تعالى عنه).
But after Amr had made his outcry thrice and non besides Sayyiduna Hazrat ‘Ali (رضي الله تعالى عنه) emerged, Rasoolullah (ﷺ) gave Hazrat ‘Ali (رضي الله تعالى عنه) permission. He equipped him with a sword with his own blessed hand and fastened a turban on his head with his blessed hands. Thereafter he wished him farewell.
Amr made a famous statement: “If anyone tells me three things I shall surely accept one”.
Sayyiduna Hazrat Ali (رضي الله تعالى عنه) said: “Amr will you believe my three requests?’
He replied in the affirmative.
Sayyiduna Hazrat Ali (رضي الله تعالى عنه) said: “The first request is that, you become a Muslim”.
Amr replied: “This cannot happen”.
Sayyiduna Hazrat Ali (رضي الله تعالى عنه) said: “The Second offer is that you refrain from fighting”.
Amr replied: “This is difficult. Women will humiliate me and say `Wear bangles and sit at home'”.
Sayyiduna Hazrat Ali (رضي الله تعالى عنه) said: “The third offer is that you fight me”.
Amr replied, staggering: “I did not know that anybody in the world would make this request to me, but I do not wish to fight you”.
Sayyiduna Hazrat Ali (رضي الله تعالى عنه) said: “But I want to fight you”.
Hazrat Ali (رضي الله تعالى عنه) was on foot while Amr was mounted on a horse. Amr dismounted from the horse and asked: “Who are you?”
Hazrat Ali (رضي الله تعالى عنه) replied” “I am son of Abu T’Alib”.
Amr launched an attack with his sword and it pierced through the shield and injured Sayyiduna Hazrat Ali (رضي الله تعالى عنه) on his forehead.
Just as a wounded lion springs up so did Hazrat Ali (Ra).He smote Amr’s shoulder with all his might. With the sword given to him by the Rasoolullah (ﷺ). The sword went through the shoulder right to the ground. Amr collapsed like a stack onto the ground, and Hazrat Ali (رضي الله تعالى عنه) had obtained victory.
THE BATTLE OF KHAIBER
The Battle of Khaiber is so celebrated that many books have been filled with the episodes of this battle and stories of Hazrath ‘Ali’s (Ra) heroism.
There was a fort in Khaiber named Qamus. Renowned Sahaba (Ra) were sent to invade Qamus but were unsuccessful. Rasoolullah (ﷺ) said, “Tomorrow the flag shall be given to the one by whose hands the fort will be conquered. He loves Allah and His Rasool (SAWS) and He is one whom Allah and His Rasool (ﷺ) love”.
The Sahabah (Razi Allahu anhuma) waited nervously for the entire night to see to whose lot this gift would come.
At dawn Rasoolullah (ﷺ) said: “Call ‘Ali!”
Sayyiduna Hazrat Ali’s (Ra) eyes were experiencing difficulty and he could not fathom that he would be chosen. He was agitated due to tears and irritation. On the directive of Rasoolullah (ﷺ) he emerged aided by a Sahabi (R.A).
Rasoolullah (ﷺ) massaged s’Aliva from his mouth on the eyes, prayed to Allah and gave him the flag. The pain and irritation in the eyes was eradicated.
Sayyiduna Hazrat Ali (R.A) narrated that no pain existed in his eyes.
Sayyiduna Hazrat Ali (رضي الله تعالى عنه) asked: “O Rasool of Allah! Shall I fight the Jews and make them Muslims?”
He was advised: “Present Islaam with mildness”.
He said: “O ‘Ali ! If someone is guided via you it is superior than all the wealth in the world.”
Marhab emerged from the fort proclaiming:
“I am the courageous Marhab. I am seasoned in warfare and am dexterous. I am geared with weapons. Every child of Kahber recognises me”.
When Hazrat Ali (R.A) heard the boasting of Marhab, he advanced saying: “I am the lion. My Mother named me lion. I am like the lion of the jungle of whose awe everyone is terrified”.
Marhab was a person who could fight a thousand men but when the lion of Allah pounced and struck him a blow with his sword on his head it split open and stretched as far as the teeth. The clatter of this break was heard by the army.
Exclamations that were heaven-splitting radiated from the Muslim army and the great fort of Khaibar was conquered.
Hazrath Umar (R.A) went to Jerusalem he left Hazrat Ali (R.A) behind as his deputy.
Hazrath Umar (R.A) used to say that for passing judgement in court cases Hazrath ‘‘Ali (R.A) outclassed them all.
Hazrath Ibn-Abbaas (رضي الله تعالى عنه) said that if Hazrat Ali (رضي الله تعالى عنه) stated any Shar’i regulation it was not essential for anyone to subsequently enquire about it.
In the era which is analysed currently Hazrath ‘Ali (Razi Allahu anhu) was the most superb orator and judge.
During the Friday Khutbah we always hear:
The most merciful of my followers to follow is Abu Bakr. The strictest among them in (obeying) the Order of Allah is Umar. The most modest of them all is Uthman and the finest judge among them is Hazrat Ali (رضي الله تعالى عنه).
Hazrat Ali (R.A) was appointed the Khalifa after the Martyrdom of Hazrath Uthman (رضي الله تعالى عنه).
His period of Kh’Alifat was for four years and few days short of nine months.
WHO WAS HAZRAT ALI (رضي الله تعالى عنه)?
By Allamah Moulana Doust Muhammed Qurashi (رضي الله تعالى عنه)
- He whose childhood was in the house of Rasool (ﷺ).
- He was blessed with Emaan in his childhood.
- Rasool (ﷺ) treated him as his own brother.
- Rasool (ﷺ) counted him amongst the “Ashara Mubasahra “The Blessed Ten–those people who received glad tidings of Jannah in this world.
- He was married to Hazrath Fathima (R.A).
- He was amongst the very first to accept Islaam.
- He was given glad tidings of Jannah in this world.
- During his youth he was very brave because of this he was given the title “The Lion of Allah.”
- His entire life was free from idol worship.
- During the Battle of Tabook, Rasool (ﷺ) made him a Khalif to look after the women folk at home.
- For the Battle of Khaibar Rasool (ﷺ) sent him as a mediator for the Muslims.
- On the day of Mubahalah, when two parties face to curse each other, Rasool (ﷺ) took him not-withstanding that he was a close relative. The Mabuhalah did not take place because the kuffaar (Christians) said that “If Rasool (ﷺ) brings his close family withdraw the Mubahalah”.
- Rasool (ﷺ) used to phrase “Ahl” (Household people) on him.
- He was classified friend of all by Rasool (ﷺ) at the Pond of Ghum thus ending any Deeni differences between the Household of Rasoolullah (SAWS) and the Sahabah (R.A).
- Rasool (ﷺ) accepted him as his beloved.
- For the steadfastness of his heart and the safe-guarding of his tongue. Rasool (ﷺ) made this dua for him “Ya Allah guide his heart and safeguard his tongue”.
- After this dua he never doubted in any of his Islamic decisions.
- Rasool (ﷺ) used him once during his lifetime for a special decision.
- Whose love Rasool (ﷺ) regarded as his love.
- Whose hatred Rasool (ﷺ) regarded as his hatred.
- Hazrath Umar (رضي الله تعالى عنه) regarded his as the best decision maker.
- Ibn Abbaas (رضي الله تعالى عنه) accepted his decisions without any doubt.
- According to Hazrath Abdullah bin Masood (رضي الله تعالى عنه), Hazrat Ali (رضي الله تعالى عنه) was an expert in the field of inheritance.
- Before sending him to the Battle of Khaiber, Rasool (ﷺ) put his own saliva on Hazrat Ali’s (رضي الله تعالى عنه) eyes.
- He whose decision and judgment left the world amazed.
- He reached high ranks in the knowledge of the Quran.
- In memorization of the Quran there was no equal to him.
- He used to spend days and nights in the recitation of the Quran.
- Rasool (ﷺ) gave him glad tidings of victory before he departed for the Battle of Khaiber.
- At the time of the anger of Hazrath Fathima, Rasool (ﷺ) addressed him “Abu Turab” i.e. Father of Sand.
- In relations to the narration of Hadith, he himself reported 586 Hadith from Rasool (ﷺ).
- From whom the other Sahabah and Tabieens related many Hadith.
- He sent Abdullah bin Abbaas (رضي الله تعالى عنه) to Kufa to care for the goodwill of the people.
- Because of his intelligence Kufa became like a tent over the Sahabah.
- Through the blessing of his efforts thousands of Muhadditheen, i.e. Scholars of Ahadith were born in Kufa.
- Without him no one had the courage to talk to Rasool (ﷺ) whilst he was angry.
- The signs of bravery showed visibly on his body.
- Through the blessing of the saliva of Rasool (ﷺ) his eyes never pained till his death.
- Through the blessing of the saliva of Rasool (ﷺ) he had no pain in his eyes till his death.
- To love him excessively may sometimes become a means of demolition of one’s Emaan.
- And to hate him may also destroy one’s Emaan.
- About whom Rasool (ﷺ) prophesied his assassination.
- According to the narration of Askary if Rasool (ﷺ) regarded Hazrath Abu-Bakr (Ra) as the eyes and ears of a body, then he would regard Hazrath ‘Ali (Ra) as the head.
- For the night of Hijrat. If Rasool (ﷺ) trusted Hazrath Abu-Bakr (رضي الله تعالى عنه) with Allah’s trust then he trusted, Hazrat Ali (رضي الله تعالى عنه) with the creations, trust.
- According to the narration of Wakidi the ayat “These people who spend their wealth day and night” was revealed concerning Hazrat Ali (رضي الله تعالى عنه).
- Due to the fear of Allah he shed tears most of the time.
- He returned his brother Aqeel with his own expense and did not let any decrease come to the Baitul Maal.
- After the Martyrdom of Hazrath Uthman (رضي الله تعالى عنه) without Hazrat Ali (Radhiallahu- anhu) people were very unsettled about the next leadership.
- Although there was a war between Hazrat Muawiyah and himself, with great sympathy and regret he explained to the people after the war that between and Hazrat Muawiyah (R.A) and himself Islamic ally and religiously there was absolutely no difference, i.e. their Islamic beliefs were the same.
- He increased by 4000 yearly the income derived from land revenue.
- He abolished Zakat on horses.
- He kept a close eye on his governors’ characters.
- He began checking written agreements.
- He appeared before his own appointed judge, Qazi Shuraih (R.A), as a defendant.
- Because of his honesty a Christian was blessed with Islam.
- He became famous for keeping a watchful eye in the bazaar on the peoples’ measuring and dealings.
- He used to constantly advise the buyers and sellers of their Islamic rights and the need for honesty.
- Because his childhood was in the house of Rasool (ﷺ) the effect of Nabuwat brushed off on him
- It was just part of his nature to reach the depth of masail.
- After the friendship of Rasool (ﷺ) for 30 years he attained the precise knowledge of the Sunnah of Rasool (ﷺ).
- He was one of the writers of Wahi during Rasool’s (ﷺ) life.
- In Islamic Fiqh masaa’il he reached high ranks.
- Besides having Ilmi discussions, solving Fiqh Masa’il was very simple for him.
- He used to have Ilmi discussion with the other great Sahabah.
- Even the fountain heads of Sufism are dependent on him.
- He established the grammar of Arabic and favored the entire Muslim community with it.
- By nature he was a very stable person.
- He whose entire life was soaked in piety.
- Neither his poverty nor his authority affects him.
- Even after becoming a leader he did not build any house for himself.
- His life’s simplicity did not allow him to have even a servant.
- Concerning whom Hazrath Ayesha’s (R.A) quote was famous: “‘Ali is one who stands in Salat the entire night and fasts the whole day”.
- Making excessive ruku and sajda fitted his natural habit.
- Because of his family relationship with Rasool (ﷺ) his contact with Rasool (ﷺ) was even closer.
- He used to always speak very high of the pious people.
- There was absolutely no doubt in his simple lifestyle regarding showing of riches or status.
- Even during his leadership he used to visit and protect the bazaar.
- Showing lost travelers the correct route made him very happy.
- His daily food was simple.
- He used to stay away from a very high style of food.
- Knowledge gushed out from every limb, and wisdom dripped from him.
- Despite the peoples’ adulation, he did not accept responsibility for Khalifat before its time.
- He named his children after Hazrath Abu-Bakr (رضي الله تعالى عنه) and Hazrath Umar (Radhiallahu- anhu) and proved his love for them both.
- Helping the poor and needy was his profession.
- He performed his Salat behind Hazrath Abu-Bakr (رضي الله تعالى عنه) and completed the right of his Emaan.
- In the marriage of Hazrath Asma (رضي الله تعالى عنه) he gave preference to Hazrath Abu-Bakr (رضي الله تعالى عنه).
- He took a pledge at the hand of Hazrath Abu-Bakr (رضي الله تعالى عنه) and saved the Muslims from being split.
- For the upbringing of the orphan Muhammed bin Abu Bakr (R.A), Hazrat Ali (R.A) married his mother Asma bint e Umais (R.A).
- He explained the Deen of Hazrath Farouk as the Deen of Allah and testified to the oneness and unity of Allah.
- He called Hazrath Umar’s Razi Allahu anhu army the army of Allah through which Islaam became stronger.
- He testified that Hazrath Umar (رضي الله تعالى عنه) was the refuge of all Muslims and sealed the mouths of the enemies.
- He praised the companions of Rasool (ﷺ) and strengthened the sect of the Ahlus Sunnah.
- He, with the Ahlus Sunnah, accepted the given Deen of Allah and his Rasool (ﷺ) happily.
- He once proclaimed to Hazrath Uthman (رضي الله تعالى عنه), “You are more closer to Rasool (ﷺ) because you have been blessed by marrying two of his daughters”. After this comment all doubts were cleared as to who held the higher status.
- To prove his sincerity he sent his two sons, Hasan and Hussain to safe-guard the house of Hazrath Uthman (رضي الله تعالى عنه) while the rebels surrounded his house.
- He did not divide the special orchard in Khaibar and expressed his agreement with Hazrath Abu-Bakr (رضي الله تعالى عنه) physically.
- Before Rasool’s (ﷺ) demise when he asked for a pen and paper, Hazrath Umar (رضي الله تعالى عنه) did not do so seeing the condition of Rasool (ﷺ) and Hazrath ‘Ali (رضي الله تعالى عنه) also did not bring the pen and paper supporting Hazrath Umar’s (رضي الله تعالى عنه) reasoning.
He did not refuse at any time that Hazrath Abu-Bakr (رضي الله تعالى عنه) and Hazrat Umar (رضي الله تعالى عنه) are buried next to Rasool (ﷺ).
He was like the sun guiding towards the valid path but was fatally wounded by the poisoned sword of Ibn Muljim. By this wound he passed away on the 20 of Ramadhan-40 Hijri.
Tarapne Pharakne Ki Toufeeq De Dil-E-Murtaza (رضي الله تعالى عنه), Souz-E-Siddique (رضي الله تعالى عنه) De
Give it the strength to vibrate and to throb; lend it the heart of Murtaza Hazrat Ali (رضي الله تعالى عنه), the fervor of Siddiq (رضي الله تعالى عنه)
May Allah sweet bless us love and reverence of Ahle Bayt, Sayyidina ‘Ali and all companions R.A.
Being a Muslim it is must to spread saying (Ahadith) of Prophet (PBUH) to each and every one for which one will be rewarded both in this world and life hereafter.