Roza (Fasting) In Ramadan (Ramzan) And Prayer
Saying Prayers (Namaz) Five times prayers is compulsory (On Friday instead of mid day prayers (Zohr salath) congregational prayers is compulsory (Farz)).
Fasting (Roza) in the complete month of Ramadan, fasting is compulsory. And specially 20 Rakat Taraweeh prayer in the month of Ramadan.
Zakat Payment A person in possession of wealth more than the minimum holding(3) for one year is compulsory for him to pay on the expiry of one year a fixed amount to the poor.
Haj Pilgrimage Based on the capacity Hajj is compulsory once in the entire lifetime.
Fasting in the month of Ramadan is the fourth regulation of Islam.
Fasting requires abstaining from eating, drinking and sexual intercourse during the whole day causing a burden on a person. The divine wisdom demanded that, on a sane and major person there is charge of a light burden of Prayer namaz, zakat a little heavier burden is zakat. Lastly the harder one is fasting. The Quran has laid down the grounds and philosophy for the above gradation.
(Sureh Ahzab, Ayat – 35)
Translation: – For men and women who humble themselves (say namaz),
For men and women who give in charity (zakat),
For men and women who fast.
This order is further evidenced from a hadith (which speaks of the four regulations).
Translation:-To establish daily prayers, to pay zakat and keep fast in the month of Ramadan.
In both the Quran and Hadith, after belief there is a mention of namaz, then zakat and then fasting. Thus the jurists of Islam have also maintained the same order. On this basis fasting is the fourth regulation. Like second and third regulation it is also one of the important regulations and much stressed. In Islamic jurisprudence this has been referred to as preferential and obligatory. There is a mention in Quran:
Translation:-Oh, you who believe fasting is prescribed to you as it was prescribed to those before you that you may learn self restraint. (Sureh Baqrah, Ayat – 183)
Translation: – Ramadan is the month in which was sent down the Quran as a guide to mankind, also clear signs for guidance and judgment (between right and wrong) so every one of you who is present at his home during that month should spend it in fasting. But if anyone is ill or on a journey the prescribed period should be made up later. Allah intents every facility for you. He does not want you to put you to difficulties. He wants you to complete the prescribed period and to glorify Him in that He has guided you, and perchance you shall be grateful.
(1) From Various ahadith it is evident that the prophet said,” on the arrival of first night of Ramadan the Satan and the mischievous Jinn’s are Chained, the doors of hell are closed. Not a single door of it is kept open. The doors of the heavens are opened and no door of it is kept closed. One announcer announces that who seeks the bliss comes forwarded and that who seeks wickedness stop. The Almighty Allah releases the people from hell. This announcement and liberty takes place every night”.
(2) Hazrat Salman-e-Farsi (R.A) says that once the Holy Prophet delivered a lecture on the last day of Shaban and told “Oh, people! That month overshadowed you is most respectable one. That month is
Auspicious. The month which is blessed one and that month in which there is a night (Lailat-ul-Khadr) it is better than one thousand months. Allah has prescribed for you fasting in this month. In the nights stand for taraveeh (Sunnat). Whoever seeks the bliss of Almighty Allah during this month through supererogatory (Nafil) prayers is like one who performed his compulsory prayers in other days. One farz during this month is equal to 70 in other months. This month demands patience (men are stopped from
Eating and drinking) and the reward for patience is heavens. These months is of sympathy and commiserate. The sustenance is enhanced in this month. Whoever provides eatables to a person at the time of breaking the fast his sins are wiped off and saved from the hell? Lastly he will also be rewarded
equal to a person fasting without deduction in his reward”. Hazrat Salman-e-Farsi told the Holy Prophet that all of them were not able to provide something to others during the breaking of fast (to provide bellyful). The Holy Prophet replied that the reward will be given to the person who serves them with a cup of milk, date or mouth full of water. The person who offers bellyful of meals the Almighty Allah will offer him sweet juice from my pool that man will never be thirsty till he is admitted in the heavens. This is a month, the first ten days of it are of mercy, next ten days for pardon and the last ten days for the liberation from hell.
(3) Hazrat Nabi Kreem (S.A.S) has said every virtue of a man will be rewarded from ten to seven hundred times. But the reward for fasting will be directly given (1) by Allah as the Muslims keep fasting for Allah’s sake. Since the servants refrain from eating and drinking and self desires. There are two delights for the person fasting; one is at the time of breaking the fast and the other when he will meet his Creator. To Allah the smell (from the mouth of a person fasting will be more fragrant than the perfumes to Allah. The fasting is a weapon against the hell. It is for the person fasting who abstains from using fowl language and to avoid quarrel saying that he is fasting.
(4) A companion of the prophet desired to know about the virtuous deed. The prophet advised him to make fasting upon him compulsory as there is no virtue better than this. The prophet advised him by repeating the same words thrice on his repeated questions.
(5) In one hadith in which Huzoor (S.A.S) has said, “If the people know the value of Ramadhan they will keep themselves fasting for the whole year”.
(6) There is a reference in one hadith that the Ramadan is the supreme month of the year.
(7) There is a hadith wherein it is mentioned that there is zakat for everything and the zakat of the body is fasting.
(8) In one hadith it is said that the sleep of a fasting person is like saying prayers, his silence is like saying daily round of prayers formula (tasbeeh) and his supplication (dua) is accepted.
(9) In one hadith it is mentioned that if a person missed a fast in Ramadan without any reasonable excuse it cannot be compensated by keeping fast the whole life (he is barred from the reward).
10) The companions of the prophet use to keep even the small children to fast that could not bear the hunger and begin to weep. A person was presented before Hazrat Umer (R.A) who had consumed liquor in Ramadhan. He told him that curse be upon him. Whereas our children keep fast even. And he was awarded lashes.
1. Hazrat Maulana Bhair ul uloom says that all the inspired souls are of unanimous opinion that fasting is purely for Allah and its reward is Allah himself that means they will join Allah in heavens. Hazrat Rbi daughter of Mawooz bin Ufra(R.A) says that they were themselves keeping fast and use to keep their children to fast. They prepared dolls of cotton and when they wept with hunger they used to engage them with these dolls. These children were entertained till the evening.
To this there were attributes and warnings now the benefits of fasting are considered. It will be evident that the smallest benefit is to clean the stomach. The stomach is that on which the life and health and fitness of human being is dependant. Generally people consume varieties of food and keep their stomach busy in digesting. The stomach becomes weak and it requires rest for few days so that it can recharge its digestive power. The Holy Prophet told the stomach is the repository of diseases and prevention is better than cure. It is such a good hadith which explains the medical point of view and the code of physical sciences. It is observed that the physicians always advise their patients to prevent because prevention helps avoiding various ailments. It is mentioned in the medical literature that there are certain diseases which can be cured through prevention. In fact to overhaul our stomach and to make it more perfect the Almighty Allah has prescribed Ramadhan and fasting. After the tiring excursion of eleven months the stomach takes rest in this month and becomes efficient for the next year. It creates apatite, empowers digestion, improvement of general conditions of life and health, working of limbs properly, etc. This is experienced after the Ramadhan. These are the achievements on physical field by fasting. The moral benefits are that the self will be under control, the greed for sinful deeds are stopped. The sexual and degenerating forces come to a standstill. The moirés and morals become sublime. The sufferings of poor and destitute are realized, the instinct of sympathy and solace is developed. At the time of hardships and trouble one gets himself unabashed. The value of food and earnings is realized. The true gratification to the creator and cherisher is paid. These are the characteristics which make a man perfect.
In essence fasting is called the protector of health, purifier of soul, teaches sympathy, patience and compassion, incentive to thankfulness to Almighty Allah, complete blessings and perfect wisdom.
Definition of Fasting Roza Virtue Masail Info
From early dawn till the setting of sun, with an intention to worship, abstain from eating drinking sexual intercourse is called fasting.
Kinds of Fasting
There are eight kinds of fasting, compulsory fixed, compulsory not fixed, obligatory fixed, obligatory not fixed, traditional (sunnat), supererogatory (nafil), abhorrent, disapproved to the point of forbidden.
Explanation Of Fasting Roza Virtue Masail Info
Compulsory Fixed – Fasting in Ramadan.
Compulsory not Fixed – The makeup fasts of Ramadan.
1) The fast of vows (when it is vowed to keep fast on a particular day or date it becomes obligatory to keep fast on that day and date).
2) A person has sighted the moon of Ramadhan or Eid and for some or the other reason his evidence is not accepted it is obligatory on him to keep fast on both the days.
Obligatory Not Fixed
1) Fast of expiation.
2) Fast of vows not fixed (when there is no declaration of day and date).
1) Fast of Aashura (10th Moharram) and 9th Moharram also.
2) Arfa (9th Zul-hajja)
3) The supererogatory fasts on 13th, 14th, and 15th of every lunar month.
1) Six fasts in a month of Shawwal called sitte Shawwal.
2) The fast of 15th Sha’ban.
3) fast of Friday
4) fast of Monday
5) fast of Thursday
6) Dawoodi fasting that means fasting on every alternate day.
1. Keeping only one fast on Aashura.
2. Keeping only one fast on Saturday.
3. Keeping continuous fast without any break..
4. A woman keeping fast without permission of her husband..
Disapproved to The Point Of Forbidden
1. Fasting on Eid-ul-Fitr.
2. Fasting on Eid-ul-Azha.
3. Fasting on days of Tashreeq (11th, 12th, and 13th of Zulhajja).
(4) Rules of Fasting | Muslim Roza
(1) To keep fast in the month of Ramadan is compulsory for every Muslim, sane, major, man or woman free from menses.
(2) The person denying the obligatory fasting is an unbeliever.
(3) The person giving up fast without any excuse is a sinner.
(5) Conditions for Making the Fast Obligatory
The conditions for making the fast obligatory are as follows:-
(1) A Muslim (not a pagan).
(2) Sane (not an unsound).
(3) Major (not a minor) (1).Further a healthy and a resident is under obligation.
(6) Conditions for Making the Fast Correct | Muslim Roza
The conditions for making the fast correct are as follows:-
1. A woman to be free from menstruations and puerperium (the woman undergoing menstruation and puerperium is not under obligation to keep fast).
2. To make an intention in a committal manner to keep fast (if one is abstained from eating and drinking whole day without intention will not count as a fast).
Explanation Fasting Roza Virtue Masail Info
1. Intention to fast: – intention means a resolve by heart saying orally is not a condition. It is desirable to utter with tongue in compromise with heart.
2. If the intention is declared in previous night utter this
Translation: – I make an intention to keep fast of Ramadan tomorrow. Or briefer (I make intention
For tomorrow’s fast). If it is made in the day say: (I intend to fast today).
3. Add the words (Insha Allah) to seek bliss because there will be no harm.
(1).On a minor, even though, fasting is not obligatory yet to form the habit he will be pursued to fast to the extent of his capacity.
4. Predawn Meals (1)(saheri) stand for intention to fast provided there is no resolve not to keep the fast otherwise the eating of ‘saheri’ will not stand for intention to fast.
5 Making intention to fast while saying salath will also be correct.
6. Intention for every day fast is necessory. It is not enough to make wholesale intention for all the month.
7. For the prescribed fasts of Ramadan, for fixed vow and supererogatory fast the time to make intention for these fasts is from the setting of the sun till the decline (2) of the sun on the next day. The intention made during this time will be correct (3) but it is desirable to make intention in the night itself. Moreover it is not necessary to use the word Ramadan during intention or of the days of the vow fixed or of nafil. It makes no differences if you add the words Ramadan vow or nafil they will stand for the same however to mention the name of the fast will be preferable.
Warning – Early dawn (4) till the setting of the sun (5) is called ‘nahre sharai’ (sharai day).
8. For the makeup fast of Ramadan, fast of vow not fixed, fast of expiation and supererogatory fast are observed. Thereafter they are violated it is necessary (6) to make intention for them from the time of Setting of the sun till the appearance of the early dawn. Further declaration (7) of the nature of the fast is necessary
1. Because ‘saheri’ is eaten for the purpose to kepp fast.
2. If a person forgets to make intention in the night and recollected it on the morning or after the rise of the sun he can make intention at that time also provided he has abstained from eating and drinking from early dawn.
3. After that there cannot be any intention.
4. Contrary to it the day which is customarily known is from the rising till the setting of the sun.
5. for example if the early dawn is from 4′ O’ clock and setting at 6′ O’ clock then the religious day will be of 14 hours and half of it will be up to 11′ O’clock. Hence before 11′ O’clock it is lawful to make intention.
6. If the intention is made after the dawn will not be sufficient.
7. That means it is the make up fast of Ramadhan or of vow not fixed or of-expiation, etc.
1. The intention for any fast before setting of sun (1) is not correct.
2. There should not be any confusion (2) or vacillation in making Intention otherwise there will be no fast at all.
3. During fasting making intention for ending the fast (Iftar) will not nullify the fast unless it is violated.
(7) The Obligations Fasting Roza Virtue Masail Info
There are three obligations of fast
(1) From early dawn (3) till the setting of the sun no eating.
(2) From early dawn to setting (4) of the sun no drinking.
(3) From early dawn to setting of the sun no sexual intercourse.
1. If intention to fast is made before the setting of the sun, “i will keep fast tomorrows,” will not be correct.
2. For example, “if there is no invitation for dinner tomorrow, fast, otherwise not”.
3. Rising of the sun means from the time it rises.
4. Setting of sun means total disappearance.
Appeal: Click More Videos Fasting Roza Virtue Masail Info
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