Qurbani Rules Regarding Sacrificing of Animals:
1. In the Shariah, with an intention to worship Almighty Allah, during the particular days slaying (Various virtues are shown in the ahadith about sacrifice (Qurbani). After sacrifice, no sooner the first drop of blood falls on the ground the person offering sacrifice will get remission of his sins and for each hair of the animal one award. The house wherein sacrifice is performed it prays for the owner of the house. Due to which there will be peace and comforts prevailed in that house. There is prosperity for the owner also) of particular animal is known as Sacrifice (Qurbani)
2. Sacrificing of animals is obligatory on every free Muslim (Whether male or female) a permanent resident and in possession of a minimum requirement (on a slave, traveler and pauper it is not obligatory).
Warning:- A person under obligation is one who possesses (other than the personal effects) such as residential house, house-hold items, 425 grams 275 milligrams of silver or 60 grams 755 milligrams of gold or any other material (House, Lands and gardens apart from a residential house) equal to its value and not indebted.
The minimum holding as prescribed for sacrificing animal need not be kept in his property for one year (The minimum possession held by a person for at least one year is the condition for payment of Islamic Tax (Zakat)) as required under Zakat, But on Eid day or just before the Eid if a person holds it sacrificing of animal is obligatory on him.
3. The person who is not in possession of the minimum of the prescribed wealth, sacrificing of animal, is not obligatory whereas it is desirable (Mustahab).
4. Sacrificing of animal for himself is obligatory (Not compulsory on behalf of wife and children) (If a child is wealthy it is compulsory on his father to sacrifice the animal from out of child’s wealth (The difference between sacrifice by a major or minor is that the flesh of the sacrificing animal will be used by the minor only and the remaining will be exchanged with other things which can be kept in use by that minor only (as ordered about the skin of sacrificed animal)).
5. For Sacrificing of animal 3 days of the month of Zul-Hajja (i.e. 10th, 11th, and an 12th) are fixed. The time of sacrificing the animal starts from 10th Zul Hajja (After the Eid prayers and Eid sermon) till the end of 12th (Sacrifice of animal (Qurbani) is compulsory during these three days and at the last time of the last day (i.e. till the sun set of the 12th Zul-Hajja. A person who was poor and became rich on the 12th or he was not born but born on the 12th sacrificing of animal is compulsory upon him. (Contrary to it) a person was rich but became poor at the end of 12th or he was alive and died at the end of 12th sacrifice of animal is not compulsory on him). However the first day i.e. 10th of Zul-Hajja has preference.
6. In villages where Eid prayers are not performed the residents can sacrifice the animal on 10th after the sunrise (The place where Eid prayers are performed sacrificing of animals before Eid prayer is not correct).
7. Slaying is to be performed in the day time. The night time is abhorrent.
8. If the sacrifice is not done during the fixed days, due to any reason, the animal purchased for it is given in charity (If the animal is not purchased its price is to be given in charity).
9. For sacrificing animals as prescribed are he goat, she goat, sheep, ram, ox, cow, male buffallo, buffallo, camel female camel.
Warning: – The other animals are not permitted.
10. Goat, she goat, sheep, ram, must be of one year old. Ox, cow, buffalo, she buffalo, must be of two years old and camel and female camel must be of (5) years old. The animal of less or (The animal of full age is preferable) age are not acceptable for sacrifice. However a sheep called ‘Dumba’ (Fat Ram) will be allowed if it is (6) months old provided it looks older; if it is mixed with the goats of one year old it will look like them.
11. The sacrificing animal is necessary to be healthy, safe and sound bodied and any of its limbs are not defective or crippled.
12. These animals are not acceptable for sacrifice.
(I) Blind (ii) One eyed (ii) Lame (iv) Very thin (which cannot walk up to the altar) (v, vi, vii)More than one third ( 1/3) of ear, tail or hips are found cut (viii) If the animal has lost one third (1/3) of its vision (The capacity to see can be judged by serving fodder before the animal).(ix) Teeth less (x) That cow or ox etc. whose horns have been broken from the root. (However an animal which is born hornless can be taken for sacrifice.
13. He goat, she goat, rams etc, whatever it may be one animal for one person should be sacrificed. And an ox, cow, buffalo, she buffalo, she camel, camel whichever it may be scarified for (7) persons i.e. (7) persons together can sacrifice an ox, or one cow etc. provided all have intention to sacrifice the animal and all the persons contribute equal price and personally attend to purchase the (It is desirable and preferable that all the seven persons are present at the time of purchasing the animal. But anyone with an intention to sacrifice the animal purchases it and subsequently six more persons join with the same intention it will be correct but according to a reference by Imam-e-Azam it is abhorrent) animal and share the flesh equally after the sacrifice. If any one of them has not made intention to sacrifice the animal (but only to eat the flesh or to sell) or any one of them had not paid proper price but paid less than his share or no one has joined at the time of purchasing the animal or they do not equally share the sacrifice, the sacrifice will not be correct for any one of them.
14. The method prescribed for slaying the animal to be sacrificed is same for all animals. However the animal is to be slaughtered by himself which is pleasant if he is unable to slain the animal perfectly he can get it slained by another person (It is abhorrent to get the animal slain by Jews and Christians) in his presence. At the time of slaying the following Dua is to be recited.
“Allahumma Taqabbalu Minnee Hazihil Udh-hiyyata kama taqabbalta min Khaleelika Sayyidina Ibhrahima wa Habeebika Sayyidina wa Maulana Muhammadi Alaihimassalatu wassalaam”.
Then utter Bismillahi Allahu Akbar and slain the animal. If he himself slains the animal he should say Fatakhabbal Minni and if any other person is authorized to slain he must take the name of the person with his father’s name at the time of slaying. (He should utter takhabbal min Flan ibn Flan)
15. The traditional way of slaying the animal and its abhorrence’s are the same which are prescribed for slaying of other animals. However before sacrifice it is disapproved to extract benefits from this animal before sacrifice e.g. milking it or carrying load on it or riding on it or to give it on rent is abhorrent.
16. The animal after slaying is divided into three parts, after removing its skin, one share for the poor to be given in charity, second share to the relatives and neighbors’ and the third share is to be used for himself (along with his kith and kin).
Warning:-To the relatives and neighbors’ uncooked meat is distributed or fed upon by cooking it. His own share may be used or kept duly dried up. (Both ways are permissible)
17. If the sacrifice is to fulfill a vow its flesh cannot be used for himself and it cannot be distributed to the relatives or neighbors’. Because in a vow giving it in charity is compulsory (Hence the entire animal is given in charity).
18. In case of slaying the animal jointly the flesh of slain animal is divided equally by weighing and not by estimation. If the pieces of head and legs of the animal and pieces of tripe are included in flesh in such a case the shares can be divided by estimation which is also correct.
19. The skin of the animal is given in charity or by selling it the price is to be distributed in charity or it may be kept for personal use (leather bucket or leather bag can be made) but it cannot be given to the butcher in wages.
20. The flesh and the skin of the sacrificed animal are not correct to be given to the butcher in his wages.
Full Info List Click Here
Note: This article Core content is taken from Ahle khidmat e sharia. You can also read online other books from the Zia Islamic Books as well as Al-Mahad. You can read and buy online Islamic books, Cd’s and DVD’s in Minhaj Books.
I hope you get some informative information about is Azan (Adhan) very well.
Thank You, Jazakallah khair for reading this Article…do share it.