Abhorrance in the Call ‘Azan’:-
Overriding affect. (That means uttering affirmation (shahadatain) slowly first and later with loud voice)
Creating melody (1) (that means presentation of alphabets and vowels with low and high tune, change in the words and turn them like a song).
Delivering azan under one’s own capacity.
Contravening the principles of the approved form of (azan) (these contraventions are abhorrent).
Note: 1. Delivering and listening of the call like a song are both abhorrent. Whereas in a decent tone which does not change the sound of the words is good. Decent tone and nice accent of the call giver without melody is better.
The Persons Whose Azan or Iqamat Is Prohibited & Abhorrent
The call (azan) delivered by an infant or insane person is prohibited which is to be repeated.
Call (azaan) by a woman, by an inebriated person and debauched is abhorrent. The call given by the debauched though abhorrent need not be repeated. Whereas the call by woman and intoxicated one is desirable to be repeated.
The call or iqamat given by a person under ceremonial impurity (junubi) (the person requiring post coitus bath) are both abhorrent. The iqamat by such person need not be repeated.
The call (azan) and iqamat is given by a man or sensible boy is lawful.
The call (azaan) by person without ablution is correct but the Iqamat is abhorrent.
The call (ahdan) by an illiterate, illegitimate and a blind (When there is someone to show time to the blind person) is lawful without doubt. Any way it will be better to avoid it.
1) Reminding after azan and iqamat for Namaaz is called tasweeb (using words Assalaat, Assalaat or Salaat is ready etc.)
2) Tasweeb is lawful for Salaat except Maghreb.
3) The duration of azan and tasweeb in Fajar will be such during which 20 verses of Quran can be recited. This pause should also be maintained between tasweeb and iqamat.
4) The duration between azan and iqamath will be to allow some time to observe 2 to 4 sets of prayers in between (10 verses of Quran can be recited in each rakat).
5) The second call for Salaat (tasweeb) is not necessary to be in Arabic. It will be enough if one says that the Salaat is ready. Any signal will also serve the purpose such as coughing etc. to alert the persons to gather for Salaat.
Rules For The Persons Listening The Call (Azan):-
1. It is obligatory for a Muslim, male or female, ceremonially cleaned or unclean to respond to the azan.
2. After listening azan except responding it, no other engagement even salaam and reply thereto. If reciting Quran stop reciting and to stop walking even.
3. After hearing the first azan of Friday (Jumm’a) it is obligatory to go to the mosque for Friday (Jumm’a) prayers. It is prohibited to make any adventure at that time.
4. It is not necessary to respond to the second azan of Jumma’
5. When there are many calls from different mosques for the same Salaat it is obligatory to respond to the first one.
6. One should not respond or reply to the azan under the following states.
1. in Namaaz.
2. during the sermon of Eid or Friday.
3. Observing funeral prayers.
4. While hearing or imparting religious education.
5. While eating.
6. during coition (sexual intercourse).
7. during evacuation.
8. under menses.
Note: This article Core content is taken from Ahle khidmat e sharia. You can also read online other books from the Zia Islamic Books as well as Al-Mahad. You can read and buy online Islamic books, Cd’s and DVD’s in Minhaj Books.
I hope you get some informative information about is Azan (Adhan) very well.
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