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At the time of intention (Niyyah) raise the hands up to the ear lobules (in such a way that both the thumbs touch the ear lobules & palms facing Ka’baa while the fingers neither wide open nor closed), after Niyyah utter initial Takbir (Takbir e Tahrima) ‘Allahu Akbar’ (Allah is most high) & then tie the hands-on the belly(On the ‘Alif’ of Allah the hands are moved & on the ‘Ray’ of Akbar tie the hands) (the right palm is kept on the back of the left palm, while making a ring with the thumb & little finger catch hold the left wrist & the remaining three fingers are placed on the dorsal surface of the left hand) keep eyes on the place of prostration (Sajdah).
Then recite Sanaa (slowly) (O ‘Allah’ I glorify your purity, reverence & unity your name is very sublime & you are mostly revered & there is no God except you) then Ta’avvuz (I seek refuge with Allah from the evils)then Tasmiya (Begin in the Name of Allah the most Beneficent & Merciful) then Surah Fatiha (All praises be to Allah who is the Cherisher & Sustainer of the worlds. Most beneficent & merciful. Lord of the Day of Judgment. Thee alone we worship & thee alone we seek for help. Guide us to the correct path, the path of those on whom you showered your grace & not of those on whom your wrath has fallen & those who went astray)
After saying Aamin (Kindly Accept it) recite any additional Surah or three small verses of big Surah. (For example” Surah Kausar : We have granted to you the fountain of abundance. Therefore you must turn towards your lord in adoration & sacrifice. Your enemy will surely be cut off from all future hope”). After reciting the above while uttering ‘Allahu Akbar’ perform Rukūʿ (in such a way that with the Alif of Allah move for Rukūʿ & with the Ray of Allahu Akbar complete the Rukūʿ). In Rukūʿ hold fast the knees with handsby keeping apart the fingers; handsare straight & keep the eyes on the feet. Then say ‘Subhana Rabbiyal Azeem (My lord is pure who is sublime & full of honors).
Thrice or five times or more (in odd numbers) (This order is for individual prayer. If he is a leader (Imaam) he should not exceed the ‘Tasbihaat’ to the extent more than three. So that, the followers may not feel burdened. Therefore there are directions for the Imaam to minimize the ‘namaaz’ for the sake of ease of the followers).
Then saying ‘Sami Allahu Liman Hamidah’ (Allah has listened his praises who has praised him) stand (Qauma is to stand for some time before doing prostration) straight (Start standing with the ‘Seen ‘of ‘Sami Allah ‘& finish the ‘Ha’ of ‘Hamidah’ with ‘qauma’) then say ‘Rabbana Lakal Hamd (‘O’ my cherisher all the praises be to you) (now the hands are not tied but kept loose & Stand to the extent saying one Tasbih , then make prostration (Sajdah) (Bend on the Alif of Allah & on the ‘Ray’ of Allahu Akbar prostrate).
For going in prostration first knees, then hands, then nose & forehead are placed on the ground (the forehead is between two palms in such a way that the thumbs are in the line of lobules). In prostration all the fingers of the legs (At least one finger is to be on the ground; otherwise the prostration will not be lawfu) are rested on the ground, the arms are separate to the armpits, the belly from the knees, the hams with the shins, the elbows are kept away from the ground, the fingers of hands and legs are closed together & all towards Qibla, the eyes are caste on the nose, say (Subhana Rabbiyal Aala) (My lord is pure who is more exhausted) thrice, or five times or more (This order is also for individual worshiper.
Order of brevity is for the Imaam as described with regard to bowing down (Rukūʿ)). Get up by saying Takbeer (Move for standing on the ‘Alif’ of Allah & sit down on the ‘Ray’ of Akbar) (while rising lift the forehead then the nose & the hands) sit on the left foot & the right foot is propped up keep both the hands on the thighs (Right hand on the right lap & left handon the left thigh) (the tips of the fingers stretched up to knees) t he fingers by closing the little finger with other nearer fingers & by making a ring with the middle finger & the thumb raise the index finger exactly at “Laa ilaaha Illallaah”& drop it on ‘illallaah'(The fingers are kept in the same position till the sitting). Should be in the direction (Neither so wide nor so close) of Qibla. The eyes are on the laps, sit right till one Tasbih is recited (Jalsa is that sitting), and perform the second prostration (by saying Takbir) like the first one. So for one set (Raka’at) is complete. Get up for the Second Set (Raka’at) by saying Takbir (for getting up do opposite to what is done in the sitting) Stand up straight, (while standing first raise the forehead then nose then both handsand both knees, need not sit on the legs & not to provide help, to the hands, from the ground).
After standing tie the handsand complete the second set (Raka’at) like first one, without saying Sanaa, Ta’wwooz but Tasmiya only, recite Surah Fatiha & any additional Surah which is not recited in the first set (Raka’at) e.g. Surah Ikhlaas (Say ‘O’ Mohammed (SAWS): “He is God the one & alone. God is eternal & absolute. Neither He begets nor He is begotten & there is none like Him) then perform Rukūʿ, & Sajdah, etc, & sit down as done in between prostration (That sitting is called ‘Qaida’), then recite Tashahud (All the praises & all our prayers monetary & physically are for Allah. ‘O’ Messenger of Allah peace & blessings be upon you further, peace be upon us & virtuous believers & I bear witness that, there is no God except Allah & Hadhrath Muhammad Mustafa (SAWS) is the servant & messenger of Allah) on “Laa ilaaha” raise (Raising the index finger is the tradition of the Prophet) the index finger (This is the particular way of following the tradition of the Holy Prophet) of the right hand
After reciting ‘Tashahud’ recite ‘Durood e Shareef (1) (2) then Dua’ (3) & end the Namaaz with salaam on both right & left. (With an intention that is conveying salaam to the angles)(4) utter ‘Assalaamu Alaikum wa Rahmatullah (5) first on the right shoulder & Alaikum wa Rahmatullah towards the left. One should move the head towards right & left, so as to enable the followers to see his cheeks from the back. The sight is on the shoulder only.
|Notes 1. It is compulsory to recite Durood e Shareef once in the whole life (whether it is in the Namaaz or outside). & at the time of hearing Sallu Alaihi wa Sallimu Tasleema’ or hearing the name of the Holy Prophet (SAWS) for the first time in any congregation, it is obligatory & reciting it thereafter is desirable. The merits & excellence of Durood e Shareef will be explained in future.|
|2. (Trans.) O! Allah, shower your mercy on Hadhrat Muhammad (SAWS) & his family members as showered on Hadhrat Ibrahim (A.S.) & his family. No doubt all the praises are for you, because you are most exulted. O! Allah showers your blessings on Hadhrat Muhammad (SAWS) & his family as showered on Hadhrat Ibrahim (A.S.) & his family, no doubt every praise is for you as you are excellent.|
|3. (Trans.) O! Allah pardon me & my parents & my teachers & all the Momin males & females & all the Muslims males & females (Whether they are alive or dead), for the sake of your mercy & beneficent. O! Most merciful of the merciful.
Warning: – Or any other Supplication which is available in the Quran & mentioned in the Hadith. e.g.(Trans.) O! Almighty Allah definitely I have surpassed in my sins & there is no one except you to pardon me. Hence pardon me with your grace & shower mercy upon me. Surely you are alone competent to grant pardon & show mercy.
|4. I hope that I convey my salaam to the angels who are here & there.|
|5. (Trans.) peace is upon you & divine mercy.|
Warning No. I: – The method of 2 Raka’at Namaz is over. If the Salaat is of 3 or 4 Raka’at, after 2 Raka’at recite ‘Tashahud'(Attahiyaat) upto ‘Abduhu Wa Rasooluhu’, in the first sitting (qaida) & get up immediately while saying Takbir. In the remaining sets (Raka’at) recite only Surah Fatiha with Tasmiya & bow down for (Rukūʿ) (other Surah will not be joined). If the Namaaz is of 3 Raka’at, in 3rd Raka’at recite Surah Fatiha only. Otherwise after the fourth Raka’at sit down by performing 2 prostrations & recite ‘Attahiyaath’, Durood Sharif & Du’a. Then end the Salat with Salaam.
Warning No. II: – In the 1st & 2nd Raka’at of Fajar after Surah Fatiha, if he is a traveler, or due to any emergency recite any Surah which is convenient. If time allows in Fajar & Zohar recite the ‘Verses of Surah-e-Hujurat to Surah Burooj (It means any Surah from out of these Sarah’s in every Raka’at), which is called ‘Lenghty Surahs’ (Tiwal e Mufassal), & in Asar & Esha Medium Surahs (Ausaat e Mufassal) recite ‘the Verses from Surah Burooj to Lam Yakun’ & in the Maghreb recite Small Surahs (Qisar-e-Mufassal) from Surah ‘Lam Yakun’ to the end of Quran. It is traditional way to recite a big Surah in the 1st Raka’at of Fajar Namaaz compare to other Raka’at. In the other Namaz the verses of both Raka’ats should be equal in number. No matter if 1 or 2 verses increase or decrease. In the Sarah’s order of preference is to be maintained & it is to be remembered that one small Surah coming in between is not overlooked.
Warning No III: – While saying Salad one should not see hither & thither whereas the eyes are kept on the places as indicated (That means in ‘qiyaam’ on the place of Sajdah & in Rukūʿ on the feet, in Sajdah on the nose, in ‘Qaida’ on the lap & while conveying salaam on the shoulders). Not to close the eyes while standing (in Qiyam). Keep all the parts of the body free from movement & Stand erect. Place the weight on both legs, by maintaining a gap of 4 inches between them Recite Quran slowly & clearly.
Warning No IV: – After completion of Namaz raise the hands up to the chest & spread (In such a way that the palms are towards the sky & there is space of 4 inches in between), then make supplication with the Almighty Allah. After Supplication rub both the hands-on the face. After Zohar, Maghreb & Esha Fardh Salat a brief supplication is recited (O! God you alone are immortal & from you there is peace & blessings. Most Exhaled & Honored. You are alone most respected) & then follow up with the Sunnah Salat & after Fajar & Asar Salat sit down as long as possible. Chant the daily round of prayers formula & make supplication. After Fardh Salat (If there is no Sunnah after Fardh Namaz, & if there is Sunnah, after Sunnah) Recite 3 times one time “Aayat ul Kursi, Surah-e-Ikhlaas, Surah-e-Falaq, Surah-e-Naas” & 33 times ‘Subhan Allah, 33 times ‘Alhamdulillah’, & 34 times Allahu Akbar & onetime ‘Kalma e Tauheed’ as it is desirable (Mustahab).
Warning No V: – Individual, Imaam, Muqtadi & for women there is only one method of saying Salat. However the difference is as follows:-
1. After Rukūʿ he will utter Tasmiya only.
2. At the time of Salaam he will convey salaam to the angels & the followers.
3. Salat with voice (Fajar, Maghreb, and Esha) recites Quran loudly.
4. In all the Salat Initial Takbir (Takbir e Tahreema), Takbir for Transition, (Tasbihaat e Inteqaalaat), and Tasmiya & Salaam will utter loudly. But the 2nd Salaam compared to first Salaam will be in lower voice.
5. After ending the Salat he will include the followers in his supplicating (After the Salat of Fajar & Asar the imaam will sit towards right or left or by facing the followers, provided no late joiner is continuing his missed Salat opposite to him & for the remaining Salat he will not change the direction).
1. With his own invocation he will also make intention that he will be following the Imaam.
(B) Followers in Namaz or Salat (Mukhtadi):-
2. From the Initial Takbir (Takbir e Tahrima) till the end of Namaz he will follow every act of the Imaam (In such a way that no act will precede the Imaam).
3. In the Salat with voice ‘Jahar’ he will utter Aameen slowly after completion of Surah Fatiha.
4. Except recitation of Quran (qirat) he will emulate the Imaam in the entire Namaz (The initial Takbir ‘Takbir e Tahrima’ & Takbir’s for change of positions, Tahmeed etc. will utter slowly). But after the ‘Rukūʿ’ instead of Tasmiya he will utter Tahmeed.
5. In his Salaam he will include the angels, the followers of Imaam to his right & left.
6. After completing the Namaz he will utter ‘Aameen’ on the Supplication (Dua’) of Imaam.
1. At the time of Takbir e Tahrima raise the hands up to shoulders only.
2. After Takbir e Tahrima tie her hands-on the chest in such a way that the right hands palm will be on the back left hand palm.
3. For genuflexion she will bend slightly & sit shrieked, bend her knees, hold the knees lightly & keep the fingers close (will not keep open).
4. In prostration she will not open her armpit but spread her hands-on the ground & shrink her body.
5. in the first sitting (Qaida) she will protrude both the legs towards right & will sit on the left buttock & keep the fingers closed.
6. In Salat she will never utter anything loudly.
7. At the time of performing Salat anything happens or any one crosses her from the front she will not say Subhanallah like males whereas she will hit one hand on the other.
8. She will perform the Fajar Namaaz in the dark.
9. She will not deliver the call (Azan).
10. She will not lead the males in Namaz.
11. Will not join the congregational prayer. If joins she will Stand-in the extreme back of all.
12. Congregational prayers for Muslim women are disapproved to the point of forbidden. However if they arrange congregation their Imaam will not Stand ahead of all but in the middle of the first row of the congregation.
13.Friday prayers are not compulsory for them they shall perform only Zohar Namaz.
14. The Eid Prayers & ‘Takbiraat e Tashreeq’ are also not obligatory on them.
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