In Which Siege Did Yazid Participate?
To find out whether Yazid is included in the forgiveness given in the Hadith, it should be found in which attack of Constantinople did Yazid participate & in which year?
There are four opinions about this.
1) He participated in the battle of Rome in 49 Hijri & he reached Constantinople as given in Bidayah wan Nihayah, Volume. 8, Page. No. 34: Translation: In 49 Hijri Yazid bin Mu‘awiyah attacked the kingdom of Rome & reached Constantinople.
2) Yazid participated in the attack of 50 Hijri, as given in ‘Umdat-ul-Qari, Volume. 5, Page No. 558:
Translation: Muslims reached Constantinople in this attack & laid siege to it & Yazid was the commander on the behalf of his father.
3) Yazid participated in the attack of 52 Hijri Imaam Badruddin ‘Aini Hanafi (May Almighty-Allah shower His mercy on him) preferred this opinion & said that this opinion is to be preferred that Yazid participated in the 52 Hijri attack of Constantinople, as given in ‘Umda-tul-Qari, Volume. 10, Kitab-ul- Jihaad, Page No. 244
4) Hadhrath Mu‘awiyah (May Almighty-Allah be well pleased with him) sent Yazid in 55 Hijri to attack Constantinople, as given in Al Isabaa fi Ma’arifatis Sahaba.
Whichever opinion is preferred, it does not prove that Yazid participated in the first siege of Constantinople, because Constantinople had already been attacked multiple times before it.
About the opinions of Yazid’s participation, the 1st one according to chronological order is 49 Hijri, when before this in 32 Hijri Hadhrath Ameer Mu‘awiyah & after him in 43 Hijri Hadhrath Busr bin Artah, then in 44 or 46 Hijri, Hadhrath ‘Abdur Rahmaan bin Khalid bin Waleed (May Almighty-Allah be well pleased with them, had all attacked Constantinople. Neither the books of Hadith nor the books of Hadith criticism mention Yazid’s participation in any of these attacks nor has any historian mentioned it. Therefore, saying that Yazid participated under the Hadhrath ‘Abdur Rahmaan bin Khalid bin Waleed (May Almighty-Allah be well pleased with them) & is therefore forgiven is not supported by any of the books of Hadith criticism or history. Instead by reconciling the books of Hadith criticism & history, we come to know that this is a fabrication & a blatant lie. Believing in this without any support from the canons of history is akin to changing the history of Islam.