History, Not unthinkable “Jawhar” when he sent “Muizz” to Egypt to be attached to the Fatimid caliphate, the city built by the will widen to include the capitals of ancient Egypt, “Babylon, Fustat, Alktaea, the military,” in one city launch in the first city it “Mansuriyah” in relation to the caliph al-Mansur’s father goats, which later became the “Cairo” 7 Ramadan 362 since the Hegira, corresponding to June 11 972.
Moez Street to the religion of Allah Fatimid connecting the Bab al-Futuh and Bab Zuwayla, a winding street, Arabic form and content, and was the backbone of the old Cairo’s main lifeline, and the headwaters of life in Egypt.
When you walk in here, “goats” Street, the street takes you on a visit to another Ozmanh, he is more like a bale of time, where you hear the hoofs of the horses on your own, “Jawhar” When I came to Egypt invader.
Or do you see yourself at the reception of the Caliph Muizz he opened his new city, and you see the ruling order of God as he inspected his parish for a night on his donkey, and Badr al-Jamali, a commander of armies rebuild the wall of Cairo again.
Saladin establish schools and Yahya Sunni Islam, and Qansuh Ghouri practiced hobby in the building with decorations and inscriptions magnificent buildings, and pro-Sheikh, which destroys the old prison to build a mosque of the finest mosques of the Mamluk era, and crying to see you head Tumanbay hanging on the door Zuwayla, he Moez Street to the religion of Allah Fatimid.
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Since the establishment of the goats Street, a link that connects all aspects of life in Cairo, so I care about all the rulers, leaving them all a testament to his reign impact, street is crowded with palaces, mosques, fountains, schools, baths, RTF, and shrines, which is witnessing the splendor of Islamic architecture, and precision manufacturer of Egypt, in the dissemination of Islamic civilization, which has remained resilient despite the succession of time and crises, and a witness to the history of the city extends to more than a thousand years, it is the largest museum of Islamic monuments open for visitors.
History, Mosques… pulsating heart of Cairo
Cairo city of a thousand minarets, the appeal of incision sky, echoing the name of God, in every age, the population of Cairo, tirelessly, Fmsagdha remained a witness to the submission and humble builder, and position their foreheads on home soil after their king still.
The first thing that was created in the city of Cairo at the hands of “the essence of the Sicilian” is a mosque, “Al-Azhar” Sharif largest Muslim lighthouse in Islamic history, and the city was planning around it, and a few meters away from him there was “goats” Street, which had a share of the mosques that have been built in Cairo, as it contains seven mosques, each of which has historical and architectural value, and is a sign of Islamic art, which has been a witness to the tales of transients and goats living in the street.
The mosques of the seven goats Street is depending on the geographical arrangement of the Bab al-Futuh to Bab Zuwayla are “ruling Collector order of God, Suleiman Agha Selehdar Mosque, Mosque Aqmar, Sultan plum Mosque, al-Nasir Muhammad Mosque, Mosque Alvkhana, inclusive pro-Sheikh”, has been created these mosques in different eras, as well as amendments to some of them over time, and was restored to all others exceeded them.
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History, Door Zuwayla
History, The most famous mosque, “pro-Sheikh”, what is the only prison “wardrobe merits,” the former, in which prison, “pro-Sheikh,” the ruling of the anger of him at this time, and in the darkness of the prison gloomy, called his Lord that directed from prison and gave him the king of Egypt to destroy this prison The mosque built in its place of God, in which God raises the name on the debt rather than the tortured groans.
The mosque, which was commissioned by “pro-Abu-Nasr Sheikh Bin Abdullah Al-Mahmoudi virtual”, the year 818 AH, corresponding to 1415 AD, adjacent to the door Zuwayla, make Dora Mamluk architecture, which Maqrizi said, “is the whole of the pros architecture, the witness luxuriously his staff, and the magnitude of its architecture to its origin Mr. kings of the time ..
Despise the beholder him when watching the throne of Balkis and Ewan fractions Onochorauan, and Astsgr of hopes Badie cylinder Khurnq Palace Ghamdan “, consisting of a bowl surrounded by some four galleries, and features Ewan direction he is covered with pieces of colored marble, ornamental, and bar wrote Koranic verses one-third of the Mamluk line painted gold leaf, and above the main windows windows made of white plaster restaurant with colored glass, and minarets built over the twin towers of Bab Zuwayla, while the interface overlooking the Moez Street mosque Fbabha taken from the Sultan Hassan mosque for its beauty and accuracy created copper illustrious restaurant doing.
The “Hakim Mosque”, was commissioned by the Caliph “Al-Aziz Billah” in 380 AH, corresponding to 990 AD, but his son maqams “Hakim” in 403 AH.
The mosque is located outside the northern wall of Cairo, which was built “Jawhar” mud-brick, and in the reign of Caliph “Mustansir” ordered his minister, “Badr al-Jamali,” rebuild the wall of Cairo from the stones, bringing the mosque inside the wall of Cairo, the total length of the mosque 120, and display it almost 113 meters, and is thus considered a second mosque in Cairo after extensive Ibn Tulun mosque.
History, The mosque has two minarets and flanked by two rules superpowers Hermeta shape, between the minarets there is the entrance to the mosque Archaeological the first prominent entrance built in the mosque, covered cellar cylindrical currently 3.48 meters and a length of 5.50 meters and at the end the door currently 2.21 meters knotted horizontal contract of stone and this decade and the wall located the newly construction There in the doorway on the right and on the left the remains of inscriptions exquisite height of 1.60 meters.
He mosques exposed him bowl surrounded by four iwans, and sang Islamic decorations of all kinds, and in the era of President “Sadat”, began flocking to the mosque range “Bohra” because it represents have religious status, a Shiite sects, one of the assumed restored order.
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When plague the forces of history to walk in the street, goats, and intensifies its thirst, stop and pick up a little breath, and looks forward looking for a way, for a sip of water go about thirst, Vtdb a life, completes his memoirs never ends.
Were the fountains, in Egypt and privileged position, and was competing mosques and schools in its beauty and splendor, and he was the establishment of kings and princes, dignitaries, atone for sins and the sins and Astjba for prayers, they filled the streets of Cairo, dozens of fountains, which received from the people of Cairo thirst, all of them went through it, and they stopped to pick up a sip of water, of fountains that are not cut off from their water, and they are available for all the different colors and their religion and their countries.
The “fountains”, built a two-story, the first is a cored wells in the ground which stores water of the Nile, and the second compartment is “water-dispensing” which is high above the ground, for the distribution of water to the needy.
History, Street goats collection when some artistic destinations and decorative fountains, which was frequented by transients and residents of the region to tell their thirst, since its inception, featuring street seven fountains, are “for Suleiman Agha Selehdar, and for Abdul Rahman Katakhda, and for Khosrow Pasha, and for Nafisa al-Bayda, and for Muhammad Ali Balaviaden, and for Muhammad Ali Balnhacen, and for Qansouh Ghouri. “
History, Schools and madrassas in Moez Street
Did not thrive and spread schools and madrassas, not in the Ayyubid period, in order to spread the teachings of “Sunnism” and doctrines of jurisprudence, and reached its peak in the era of “Mamelukes” and Ifaa Maqrizi “Schools planning based on orthogonal system, which is an open courtyard opens him four Owaoin, to teach the four schools of Islamic jurisprudence “
It contains the goats on the street seven schools, are “camellias school, a school of Sultan Kalawoon, a school al-Nasir Muhammad, a school-Zahir Baybars Bunduqdari, a school Necmettin Ayoub, school Ashrafieh, a school Qansuh Ghouri.”
History, Sultan Kalawoon group
History, Architectural masterpiece, a witness to the splendor of Islamic architecture in the reign of the Mamluk Empire, has ordered the establishment of the King, “Mansour Sayf al-Din Abu Maali Kalawoon,” which the group took over the throne of Egypt in the year 678 AH, which includes Bimaristan “hospital” and the Dome Dharhristih school.
Fronted East overlooking the Moez Street, and consists of two parts, the sea is a domed sepulchral, which was buried beneath Mansour Kalawoon, and tribal school, between the dome and the school a long corridor leads to Bimarstan, who left him to the eastern and western Iowan retains full archaeological architectural splendor.
The dome above the shrine, the most important part of this group, and consists of an octagonal composed of four square pillars by four marble columns clad externally with marble floor Seashell restaurant base.
The minaret is made up of three first and second floors were taking the shape of a square and upper-rounder.
The Bimarstan “hospital” nothing was left of it is a section of the East Room and includes a marble fountain, and is the oldest hospital in Egypt, and was treated with various diseases, but in 1915 a decision was made to transfer “Bimarstan” to a hospital for conjunctivitis.
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Group Sultan Ghouri
On the corner of “goats” street there is this unique group of lover Islamic architecture Sultan al-Ashraf, “Abu-Nasr Qansuh Ghury” Circassian, who ruled Egypt in 906 AH / 1501 AD Although exceeded sixty years of age he worked in Egypt’s stability, and continued to rule until he was killed in 922 AH / 1516 in the battle of “Marj glutinous” hands on “Ottoman” was found to have a body.
Includes his collection, and the Dome of the Agency, bathroom and home seat for the book and the Khanqah, unique archaeological buildings that feature geometric decorations magnificent.
Beshtak Palace History
Coppersmiths in the area next for Katakhda There Prince “Bashtak” Palace, has ordered the establishment of the Prince “Saifuddin Bashtak” Nazareth palace, one of the most luxurious buildings eighth century AH.
Northern and Western part overlooking the street “goats”, and consists of three floors with tasbil; it is not on the integrity of one but two parts, one gummy, and the other a senior.
If you live in Egypt, or had the opportunity to Jaetk. Try not exiting before your visit to St. Goats! History