Islamic Arts, At the time did not know modern techniques that we see every day in the world of photography, badminton, colors and paper is what was used to record the smallest detail, where the magic and beauty that did not Aluth (Luth) ugliness, when the eye was the love of beauty and are looking for in each building ..
Thus, the Islamic architecture for its builder, which was emblazoned with the onlookers, and also painters traveler “Orient lists since two hundred years, was looking for beauty in every place to draw and introducing it to the world, and of these,” Pascal Scott, David Roberts, Oloahes or Kelly, and others. “
When these artists came to Egypt spotted the best of their ability aspects of life in the Egyptian environment, and the beauty of its buildings and private Islamic buildings, it is through this article we will go on a tour to some of the mosques of Cairo, to get to know the occasion of the holy month of Ramadan.
Mosque of Muhammad Ali Pasha castle : Islamic Arts
Owner: Muhammad Ali Pasha, who ruled Egypt between 1805- 1848 m.
Date: was built between 1830 – 1484 m.
Described: the mosque closest to the model ottoman, he is more like a mosque, “Hagia Sophia” in Turkey, and I’ve built a mosque on a rectangular space above the Citadel of Saladin, and the mosque is divided into two parts: the western part “open courtyards and Ttosth Midhat al”, the eastern part of “a house of prayer and the mihrab. .
And on his left Mnbaran first Kber_alosali_sna of wood and a local floral motif dominated by models Baroque and Rococo, and one of the highest platforms in Egypt, while the other platform is made of alabaster.
The House of Prayer mediates a large dome diameter of 21 meters, and a height of 52 meters from the floor of the mosque, and from the wall of the mosque from home and abroad are coated Balobustr.
The highest-west portico of the dish uncovered copper tower inside the ticking clock gave him “Louis Philippe,” the king of France to “Muhammad Ali” and to Egypt.
As for the two minarets Rashiguetan Alostoanatan, Vartvalla 84 meters from the ground, it is found in the western side of the mosque.
Moez Street in Cairo… Source of life never ends
Faraj Bin Sultan Mosque plum: Islamic Arts
Owner: Nasir-ad-Din Faraj, of the Circassian Mamluk, ruled Egypt between 1399 – 1412 m.
Date: was built between 1398 – 1410 m.
Recipe: Building combines plenty Mosque, and the Khanqah Soovyin, and Dharhristin, and Spillane surmounted book.
As for the mosque is an open courtyard surrounded by four iwans, the largest of Ewan opposite direction and Iwan him, and there is a platform in the Qibla Iwan stone, carved the inscriptions exquisite.
The mosque’s minarets are found Western Steering two Mtmailtan, and there are on the eastern side domes large replicas, Izinhma prominent lines Mahvoorh Aahadjr in the form of “7” and “8” repeating.
Ahmad Ibn Tulun Mosque: Islamic Arts
Owner: Ahmad Ibn Tulun, the architect of Alktaea city in Egypt, took power between 868-884 m.
Date: was built between 876-879 AD.
Described: an open courtyard Ttosth Midhat al, surrounded by four corridors of the largest gallery of direction, square shape, length of each side the 162 meters, and the advantage of its minaret, sits where the vulnerability minaret mosque Moutawakel Helicobacter shows in Samarra, and built of stone, it is a square from the bottom and then cylindrical and a height above the ground approximately 40 meters.
Sultan Hassan Mosque: Islamic Arts
Owner: Hassan bin Mohammed bin Kalawoon, the Mamluks, was ruled Egypt in 1347, then 1351 was arrested, then he took over again and remained there until his death in the period from 1354 to 1361 m.
Date: was built between 1356 – 1363 m.
Recipe: one of the largest Islamic buildings, consists of an open courtyard surrounded Middle some four iwans, the most important Ewan direction where the mihrab and includes all white marble platform, in addition to writing al-Fath Kufic highest pulpit and the mihrab.
As for the minarets. Only two minarets Okdmanma tribal minaret remains of them, and a height of about 81.6 meters courtyard of the mosque.
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Sultan Mosque Kalawoon: Islamic Arts
Owner: Sayf al-Din Kalawoon Alfi, the Bahri Mamluks, ruled Egypt between 1279 – 1290 m.
Date: was built between 1284 – 1285 m.
He described the mosque on the school system, where the mosque four iwans overlooking the open courtyard, next to the mihrab platform simple wooden plans Dedicate Prince Ozbk bin Ttkh, and features facade overlooking the Moez Street have Quranic verses, and an extension to the mosque Marstan “hospital.”
Pro mosque Sheikh: Islamic Arts
Owner: pro Sheikh Abu Al-Nasr al-Mahmoudi, the Circassian Mamluk, ruled Egypt between 1412 – 1421 m.
Date: was built between 1415 – 1421 m.
Recipe: go back to the construction of the mosque strife story that happened led Palmaad be thrown in prison, Vendhir God directed from Sjnh_sjn closet Hmail_oasr his rule of Egypt to destroy the prison and a mosque built in its place, God has pleased him, he built the mosque adjacent to the wall of Cairo.
The mosque has a courtyard surrounded by four iwans, and there is the mihrab, clad in marble in the eastern wall, and next to him a great platform for a restaurant with mother of pearl, and covers the hallway wooden ceiling decorated with floral motifs, the bottom is written the model of Quranic verses third Mamluk line, have the highest Chaabaepk main mosque small windows made of White plaster and stained glass by color.
The minarets Aldkhmtan, Ahahguetan, they are the highest twin towers of Bab Zuwayla.