Sermon of the Farewell | Khutba Hajjatul Wida in English
All praise is for Allah Most High. We Praise Him. We seek His pardon and His help and we turn to Him. We take refuge with Allah Most High from the evils of our selves (Nafs) and the severe consequences of our actions. There is none to lead astray whom Allah Most High guides and there is none to guide whom Allah Most High misguides. I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah Most High. He is One without any partners. I bear witness that Hadhrat Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) is His servant and His Messenger.
I exhort you, servants of Allah Most High, to be conscious of Allah Most High and I urge you to obey Him.
O people listen to me! I deliver a message to you for I do not know whether I shall ever get an opportunity to meet you after this in this place.
O people, indeed your lives, your properties and your honor are sacred and inviolable to you until you meet your Lord (i.e. forever), like the sanctity, which you have, for this day, this month and this city. Have I conveyed the message? O Lord be the witness!
Thus, he who has any trust to discharge should restore it to the person who deposited it with him.
Lo! All interest-based transactions of the days of ignorance (the period before Islam) are declared null and void, but your principal amount belongs to you. Neither oppresses others nor be oppressed. Allah Most High has forbidden you to take any interest (usury) and all obligations in this regard are henceforth waived. To begin with, I cancel all interest due to my uncle Abbas Bin Abdul Muttalib.
Lo! There will be no revenge-killings for the bloodshed of the days of ignorance (before Islam). First, I forgive those who murdered my cousin A’amir Bin Rab‘eea Bin Harith Bin Abdul Muttalib.
Lo! All customs and designations of Pre-Islamic days stand abolished except that of the maintenance of Holy Ka’aba and the duty of supplying water to the pilgrims of the House of Allah Most High.
Deliberate murder will be punished with execution. A quasi-deliberate murder (like with a club, stick or stone) invokes a blood-money of a hundred camels. Any one demanding more than that wl be considered to be from among the ignorant (Pre-Islamic period).
O people, Allah Most High has granted the (appropriate) rights to every one deserving, therefore no other testament (which goes against the laws of inheritance) will be considered valid for any heir.
The husband of the mother will be considered the child’s father. Adultery when proved is punishable with stoning. Their judging will be done by Allah Most High.
Anybody claiming false ancestry or any slave naming someone apart from his (or her) own true master as master is cursed by Allah Most High.
Debts are to be cleared. Anything borrowed is to be returned. Gifts should be returned in kind and the guarantor must pay on behalf of the guaranteed.
O people, Muslims are one brotherhood. Nothing of a brother is lawful for a Muslim except what he himself (or she herself) allows.
A woman does not have the right to give away or transfer to any other person her husband’s property without the latter’s permission.
O people! The practice of adding a month in calendar year is an excess in “Kufr” (disbelief). The unbelievers are being deceived through it. They make it ‘Halaal’ (lawful) in a year and ‘Haraam’ (unlawful) the next year so as to compensate the number, in violation of the command of Allah Most High. In this way, they declare the things prohibited by Allah Most High as lawful and vice versa, declare lawful things as unlawful. The world has taken a full circle and become the way it was at the time of creation of the heavens and the earth by Allah Most High. Indeed the number of months, as given in the book of Allah Most High since the creation of the heavens and the earth by Him is twelve. Of them, four months are sacred. Three of these are consecutive Dhul-Qa’adah, Dhul Hijjah and Muharram, and Rajab, which comes between Jamadi Al Thani and Sha’aban. O Lord! Have I conveyed the message? Be my witness.
Beware! Do not go astray after me and start killing one another.
O people! One Muslim is another Muslim’s brother and as such, all Muslims are brothers among themselves. Take care of your slaves! Take care of your slaves. Give them what you yourselves eat and clothe them in what you wear.
O people, your women have certain rights on you and likewise you have rights over your women. Your right is that the women should not allow near them whom you do not like. They should not cheat in any manner, should be chaste and shun indecency. If they fail, Allah Most High allows you to mildly admonish them (physically) and when they come round, then take care of them nicely.
Treat your women nicely as they are bound to you and are incapable of managing many of their affairs themselves. Hence be conscious of Allah Most High about them, as you have accepted them in the name of Allah Most High and in His name, have they been made lawful to you.
O people! Satan is disappointed from being ever worshipped in this land of yours. But he is satisfied to be obeyed in those things, which you think are small. So be cautious of him in your religion.
Listen to me! Worship your Sustainer (Rabb). Offer your five daily Salaat. Keep your fasts in the month of Ramadan. Give the Zakaat of your wealth whole-heartedly. Perform the pilgrimage to the House of your Lord and obey those who command you (your rulers) and you will enter the Jannah of your Lord and Sustainer.
Be aware, only the one who commits a crime is responsible for it. Neither will a son be held accountable for the crime of his father nor will a father be held accountable for the crime of his son.
Verily, I have left among you a thing, if you hold fast to it, you will never go astray after me- the Book of Allah Most High (The Holy Quran) and the Sunnah of His Prophet.
O people, verily your Lord and Sustainer is one and your ancestor is one. All of you descend from Prophet Adam (May peace be upon him) and Adam (May peace be upon him) was made from clay. The most distinguished among you with Allah is the one who is the most pious. An Arab does not have any superiority over a non-Arab nor a non-Arab over an Arab; neither a white man over a black man nor a black man over a white man except the superiority gained through piety. Did I convey the message of truth? O Allah! Be a witness.
Then the people said: Yes! He (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) said: All those who listen to me should pass on my words to others and they to others in turn, as oftentimes, the one to whom the message is passed safe-keeps it more than those who listened to it directly.
Sahih Muslim, Vol.1, Page: 397
Jame’ Tirmidhi, Vol. 2, Page: 219
Kanz Ul Ummal, Vol. 3, Page: 22-24
Seerat Ibn Hisham, Vol. 1, Page: 76-77
Content taken from Ziaislamic
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