Quran: And hold firmly to the rope of Allah all together & do not become divided.(3/103) O you who have believed, fear Allah. & let every soul look to what it has put forth for tomorrow - & fear Allah. Indeed, Allah is Acquainted with what you do.(59/18) He decreed for you the same religion decreed for Noah, & what we inspired to you, & what we decreed for Abraham, Moses, & Jesus: "You shall uphold this one religion, & do not divide it."(42:13). The idol worshipers will greatly resent what you invite them to do. GOD redeems to Himself whomever He wills; He guides to Himself only those who totally submit.(42:14) Hadith: Make (Execute) For Allah, As Allah is watching you. Ummah Unity

Is giving Fatiha allowed? Kya taleem hasil karne ke liye khawateen safar par Jasaktein hain

Is giving Fatiha allowed?

Country : Not mentioned,

Name : submitter name

FQ 39: What is Fatiha?  Is it allowed?

Answer: Fatiha is nothing but a compendium of various virtuous acts. It consists of feeding others, recitation of the Holy Quran & the reward is gifted to others (Isaal-e-Sawab). The Hadith describe the excellence of these acts.  For this reason, Fatiha itself is Mustahab (commendable) as well as Mustahsan (established by the Sunnah). On the occasion of the Battle of the Trench (Ghazwa-e-Khandaq), the Holy Prophet (ﷺ) said a prayer when the food was placed before Him. The whole Hadith is in Sahih Bukhari. Please look at a part of the Hadith:

Translation of Hadith: The wife of Hadhrat Jabir (May Allah be well pleased with them) presented kneaded flour to the Holy Prophet (ﷺ). The Holy Prophet (ﷺ) put His blessed saliva in it & said a prayer for Barakah (blessings). Then He (ﷺ) again put His blessed saliva & said a prayer. (Sahih Bukhari, Vol. 2, Hadith No. 3793)

There is a Hadith in Sunan Nasai, Jame’ Tirmidhi, Sunan Abu Dawood, Shu’abul Iman Lil Baihaqui, Musnad ‘Abd Bin Humaid, Al Jame’ Ul Kabeer Lis Suyuti & Ma’arifatis Sahabah Li Abi Nu’aim, etc.:

Translation of Hadith: Hadhrat Mua’dh Bin Jabal (May Allah be well pleased with him) narrates on the authority of his father: The Holy Prophet (ﷺ) said: Recite the Sureh “Qul Huwallahu Ahad,” “Qul A’udhu Bi Rabbil Falaq,” & “Qul A’udhu Bi Rabbin Naas” thrice (i.e. 3 times) every morning & evening. It will save you from everything.

Sunan Nasai, Hadith No. 5445

Jame’ Tirmidhi, Hadith No. 3924

Musnad Iman Ahmed bin Hambal, Hadith No. 23332

Shu’abul Iman Lil Baihaqui, Hadith No. 2467

Musnad ‘Abd Bin Humaid, Hadith No. 496

Al Jame’ Ul Kabeer Lis Suyuti, Hadith No. 375

Ma’arifatis Sahabah Li Abi Nu’aim, Hadith No. 2267

The Sureh of the Holy Quran, which are recited in Fatiha, the above given Hadith instruct us to recite the same Sureh every morning & evening. Also there is a Hadith in Sahih Bukhari, Jame’ Tirmidhi, Sunan Abu Dawood, Musnad Imam Ahmad Bin Hambal, Sahih Ibn Hibban, Shu’abul Iman Lil Baihaqui, Kanz Ul Ummal, etc.

Translation of Hadith: It has been narrated on the authority of Hadhrat Aisha Siddiqua (May Allah Ta’ala be well pleased with her) that whenever the Holy Prophet (ﷺ) would retire to the bed, He (ﷺ) would bring His palms together, recite Sureh Ikhlas, Sureh Falaq, Sureh Naas, blow upon His hands & then He (ﷺ) would rub His hands on His blessed body as much as possible. He (ﷺ) would start from His blessed head & face & would rub the front of His blessed body completely.  He (ﷺ) would do this thrice.

This Hadith is present in the following books:

Sahih Bukhari, Hadith No. 5017,

Jame’ Tirmidhi, Hadith No. 3730,

Sunan Abu Dawood, Hadith No. 5058,

Musnad Imam Ahmad Bin Hambal, Hadith No. 25595,

Shu’abul Iman Lil Baihaqui, Hadith No. 2570,

Sahih Ibn Hibban, Hadith No. 5544

Kanz Ul Ummal, Hadith No. 41998

Allah Ta’ala has ordered the believers to send Durood on the Holy Prophet (ﷺ). It is given in the Holy Quran:

Surely Allah & (all) His angels invoke blessings & greetings on the Holy Prophet [blessings & ﷺ]. O Believers! You (also) send blessings on him & salute him with a worthy salutation of peace abundantly (& fervently). Sureh Ahzaab (33:56)

The Hadith give glad tidings to those who present Salaam to the Holy Prophet (ﷺ). The Holy Prophet (ﷺ) said:

Translation of Hadith: Jibraeel (May ﷺ) met me & said: I give you glad tidings that Allah Ta’ala says: Whoever presents Salaam to you, I will send Salaam on that person & whoever sends Durood  on you, I will send down mercy on him.

Mustadrak ‘Alas Sahihain, Hadith No. 770,

Musnad Imam Ahmad Bin Hambal, Hadith No. 1574,

Ash Shifa Bi Ta’areefi Huquqil Mustafa, Vol. 2, Pg. No. 75.

It is given in Mustadrak ‘Alas Sahihain:

Translation of Hadith: It has been narrated on the authority of Hadhrat Abu Talha Ansari (May Allah Ta’ala be well pleased with him), who narrates on the authority of his father that one day the Holy Prophet (ﷺ) came to us & happiness was evident from His blessed face.  We told:  O Prophet of Allah (ﷺ)! We see signs of happiness on your face. The Holy Prophet (ﷺ) said: The reason is that just now an angel came to me & said: O Personification of Praise (ﷺ)! Indeed your Lord says: Are you not happy with this that when any of your Ummati sends Durood  on you, I will send mercy on him 10 times & if anyone sends Salaam to you, I will send Salaam on him 10 times. The Holy Prophet (ﷺ) said: Yes! I am happy.

Mustadrak ‘Alas Sahihain, Hadith No. 3534,

Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaiba, Vol. 2, Pg. No. 398,

Sunan Kubra, Hadith No. 9888,

In M’ojam Kabeer of Imam Tabarani, the following words are added:

Translation of Hadith: If any of your Ummati sends Durood on you, I will send mercy on him 10 times, my angels will pray for his forgiveness & if anyone sends Salaam on you, then Me & my angels send Salaam on him 10 times.

It has been narrated on the authority of Hadhrat Abdullah Bin Mas’ud:

Translation of Hadith: Indeed! There are some angels of Allah Ta’ala who roam the earth, who bring the Salaam of my Ummah to me. (Musnad Imam Ahmad Bin Hambal, Hadith No. 3484; Sunan Nasai, Hadith No. 1265; Mustadrak ‘Alas Sahihain, Hadith No. 3535; Kitab Ush Shifa, Vol. 2, Pg. No. 79)

It is mentioned in another Hadith:

Translation of Hadith: It has been narrated on the authority of Hadhrat Ibn Wahb (May Allah Ta’ala be well pleased with him) that the Holy Prophet (ﷺ) said: Whoever sends Salaam unto me has as if freed a slave. (Kitab Ush Shifa, Vol. 2, Pg. No. 77)

It has been narrated on the authority of Hadhrat Abu Bakr Siddiq (May Allah Ta’ala be well pleased with him) that reciting Durood on the Holy Prophet (ﷺ) is more effective in wiping out sins than cold water is for dousing fire & sending Salaam on Him is better than freeing slaves. (Kitab Ush Shifa, Vol. 2, Pg. No. 77)

It has been narrated on the authority of Hadhrat Abdullah Bin Umar (May Allah Ta’ala be well pleased with them):

Translation of Hadith: You send Durood profusely on the Holy Prophet (ﷺ) on Friday, as every Friday it is presented before Him on your behalf. (Kitab Ush Shifa, Vol. 2, Pg. No. 79)

It is established by the Hadith of Sahih Bukhari that placing food in front of us & praying is permissible. On the contrary, there is no Hadith/Tradition, which forbids placing food in front of us & praying.The Hadith also mention the excellence & benefits of reciting Sureh Fatiha, Sureh Ikhlaas, Sureh Falaq, Sureh Naas, etc. In Fatiha also the same are recited & Durood in sent on the Holy Prophet (ﷺ). The reward of all this is gifted to someone else.  In light of the Shariah, all these acts are permissible & valued.

& Allah The Most Merciful & The Most Beneficent knows best.

Mufti Hafidh Syed Ziauddin Naqshbandi Qadri

[Professor, Islamic Law, Jamia Nizamia,

Founder-Director Abul Hasanaat Islamic Research Center]

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