Shab Barat – In The Light of the Hadith & the Traditions:
Fazail importance Shab Barat 2018 فضل ليلة النصف من شعبان
Fazail importance Shab Barat 2018 فضل ليلة النصف من شعبان, For all the Muslims who spend their lives in the shade of Islam, every year there are a few blessed nights come, each of them has separate blessings & every night has different characteristics. The Holy Quran especially mentions 3 nights:
1. Shab Meraj, in which the Lord & His worshipper met. The verse of Sureh Isra:
Holy (free of any imperfection, weakness & insufficiency) is He Who took His (most beloved & intimate) Servant in a small portion of a night from the Sacred Mosque to the al-Aqsa Mosque, whose surroundings We have blessed, in order that We might show him (the Perfect Servant) Our Signs. Surely He is the One Who is All-Hearing, All-Seeing. Sureh Isra (17:1)
Here “the night” mentioned is by consensus Shab-e-Baraat.
2. Shab-e-Qadr, which is the night of the revelation of the Holy Quraan, in which angels descend & on this night, the worshippers of the Lord are given the reward of more than 1000 months of worship.
The Night of Destiny is better than a thousand months (in merit of excellence, blessings, reward & recompense). Sureh Qadr (97:3)
3. Shab-e-Baraat: This is the night in which the glad tidings of forgiveness & pardon are given to the worshippers of Allah (Swt). This night is mentioned in the following verses of the Holy Quran: Dukhan 1-4. A group of the Mufassirin & the scholars interpret this “Laila-tul-Mubaraka ” as the 15th night of Sh’abaan, which is called as Lailatul Baraat.
“Laila-tul-Mubaraka ” in the light of the Tafseer:
Excellence Fazail importance Shab e Barat Hadith in many Hadith. What does “Laila-tul-Mubaraka ” mentioned in the Holy Quran is clearly written down by the scholars that the Laila-tul-Mubaraka means Shab-e-Baraat.
Imaam Shaykh Ahmed Bin Muhammad Saavi (Ra) (deceased 1427 Hijri) writes in his book: Haashiya As Saavi Alal Jalalain under the above mentioned verse in Vol. 4, Pg No: 57, Tafseer Kabeer, Sureh Dukhan:
Translation: Laila-tul-Mubaraka means the 15th night of Sh’abaan. This is the opinion of Hazrath Akrama & a group (of scholars) & this is acceptable because of some reasons. One among them is that the 15th of Sh’abaan has 4 names:
1. The blessed night.
2. The night of deliverance.
3. The night of Mercy.
4. The night of reward.
Imaam Syed Mahmood Alusi (May Allah shower His Mercy on him) (D. 1270 Hijri) writes in Ruh Al Ma’ani:
Translation: Hazrath Akrama & one group said that this is the 15th night of Sh’abaan & this night is also called as the night of mercy, the blessed night, & night of reward & the night of freedom.
The author of Ruh Al Bayan (D. 1127 Hijri) writes:
Translation: Laila-tul-Mubaraka means the night of Sh’abaan. (Ruh Al Bayan, Vol. 8, Pg No: 448)
The King of the saints, Hazrath Ghawth ul A’adham (D. 561 Hijri) (May Allah be well pleased with him) in the Tafseer of Laila-tul-Mubaraka :
Translation: That is the 15th night of Sh’abaan & it is Shab-e-Baraat. (Ghuniya Lit talibi tariqil haqqi Vol. 1, Pg No: 189)
The Holy Quran says about the Laila-tul-Mubaraka
In this (night) judgment is given on all matters of wisdom (separately). Sureh Dukhan (44:4)
This verse shows that Laila-tul-Mubaraka is the night of decisions & about the 15th night of Sh’abaan, it is mentioned in the Hadith that all the affairs of the coming year are decided. This way the mentioned Hadith become the details of Laila-tul-Mubaraka , as mentioned in the narration of Hazrath Abdullah bin Abbas (Ra) in Ruh Al Ma’ani, Vol. 4, Pg No: 174:
Translation: It has been narrated on the authority of Hazrath Ibn Abbas (Ra) that the decisions of all the matters are taken on the 15th night of Sh’abaan.
One final explanation (Fazail importance Shab Barat 2018 فضل ليلة النصف من شعبان)
What does Laila-tul-Mubaraka mean?
In this connection, the Mufassirin have related 2 opinions. One that Laila-tul-Mubaraka means Shab-e-Baraat & the other that it means Shab-e-Qadr. To reconcile (Tatbeeq) these 2 interpretations, it is said that about Laila-tul-Mubaraka, it is said: Dukhan-4
This shows that in this blessed night decisions are taken & it is mentioned in the Hadith that decisions are taken on the 15th night of Sh’abaan & they are given to the respective angels in Lailatul Qadr. Thus, if Laila-tul-Mubaraka is interpreted as Shab-e-Qadr, it means that the angels are given the orders on that night & if Shab-e-Baraat is taken, then it means taking the decisions.
It is given in Hashiya Al Jaml alal Jalalain, Vol. 4, Pg No: 100 & in Ma’alim Ut Tanzeel:
Translation: It has been narrated on the authority of Hazrath Abdullah Bin Abbas (As): Verily! Allah (Swt) makes the decisions in Shab-e-Baraat & passes them on to those who are responsible in Shab-e-Qadr.
Interpretation by Shah Abdul Aziz (Ra)
On interpreting Laila-tul-Mubaraka as Shab-e-Baraat, a question might be raised that it is clearly given in the Holy Quran that it was revealed in Shab-e-Qadr, then what revelation of the Holy Quran mean in Shab-e-Baraat?
Hazrath Shah Abdul Aziz Muhaddith Dehlwi (May Allah shower His Mercy on him) writes about this in Tafseer Azeezi, 30th para Sureh Qadr, Pg No: 259:
Translation: Here a question is raised. That is the Holy Quran was revealed completely over a period of 23 years, this began in the month of Rabe’e ul Awwal. Then, the 40th year of the blessed life of the Holy Prophet (ﷺ) was just starting. Whereas in the Holy Quran, 3 separate occasions are indicated. One among them is the month of Ramadhan, second Shab-e-Qadr, which comes in the last 10 days of Ramdhan & third, Lailatul Mubrakah, which according to most Ulema is the 15th night of Sh’abaan, which is also called as Shab-e-Baraat. Then how do you reconcile all these 2 opinions with what has happened?
The answer to this is that after a thorough research in the Hadith, what we get to know is that the revelation of Holy Quran from “Lauh Mahfooz” to “Bait Ul Izzat,” which is a high station in the heavens was done in Shab-e-Qadr. The same year, the decision to do so was made in Shab-e-Baraat. Now all the 3 are correct. The actual revelation was in the month of Ramdhan in Shab-e-Qadr. The decision to do so was made in Shab-e-Baraat & the revelation of it on the blessed tongue of the Holy Prophet (ﷺ) was started in Rabe’e ul Awwal & it was completed before the passing away of the Holy Prophet (ﷺ). After this interpretation, there is no contradiction.
A beautiful explanation by Hazrath Muhaddith-e-Deccan (Ra) Fazail importance Shab Barat 2018 فضل ليلة النصف من شعبان
Hazrath Muhaddith-e-Deccan writes about the excellence & superiority of Shab-e-Baraat:
Allah (Swt) has named Shab-e-Baraat as “the blessed night” (Laila-tul-Mubaraka) & the Holy Quran was revealed in this night. The same has been said about Shab-e-Qadr.
The fact is that the decision to reveal the Holy Quran was made in Shab-e-Baraat & in Shab-e-Qadr, the Holy Quran was brought to the skies of this world in Shab-e-Qadr. Then in 23 years in this world it was revealed bit by bit. This blessed night comes on the 15th of Shabaan. Every night in the last portion of the night, Allah (Swt) graces the skies of this world with His presence. In Shab-e-Baraat, Allah (Swt) does so from the sunset itself.
This night, the flowers of Wisaal (Lit. union) & Qurb (closeness) of Allah (Swt) are showered on those are busy in praying. The heavens are decorated & their doors are left open. Those who live in Jannah like the damsels of heaven etc. come out & watch those who worship Allah (Swt). The souls of the Prophets & the martyrs are very happy in their highest stations (A’ala ‘Illiyeen) i.e. the matters of this world (A’alam Nasut) are unveiled to the angels who live in the spiritual world (A’alam Malakut) like the death of somebody or the birth of somebody or somebody becoming rich or poor, healthy or ill, famine etc. the changing of power or government, in short everything is decided & given to those responsible. The prayers of those who pray are accepted, those who ask for something are given what they ask for, those who strive for something are helped i.e. they are rewarded for their efforts. The reward for obedience is given to the obedient. The punishment of the sinners is reduced. Honor (karamat) is given to those who love Allah (Swt).
Then Allah (Swt) declares the whole night that who is facing a difficulty that I may grant him (or her) comfort; who is the one who asks for forgiveness that I may grant him (or her) forgiveness; who asks for sustenance (Rizq) that I may grant it?
People think that when you obey Allah (Swt), you get less Rizq; but with obedience of Allah (Swt) & with asking for forgiveness, the Rizq is increased. Then I would say that the nature of human beings is also taken care of. Even if somebody does not ask, even then Allah (Swt) gives. If you say that O Allah! Don’t give me food, even then this prayer will not be accepted. Whatever is written in our fate will come to us. If you don’t want to accept what is in your fate, then you will be forced to accept it. (Fadhaail Ramdhan Pg No: 23/24). Excellence Fazail importance Shab e Barat Hadith
Reason for naming Laila-tul-Mubaraka :
Shab-e-Baraat is a blessed night. Each moment of Shab-e-Baraat is filled with the blessings of the Majestic Lord Allah (Swt) & invites the blessings of Allah (Swt). That night from the ‘Arsh of Allah (Swt) to the deepest point in the universe is enveloped in the Mercy of Allah (Swt). That’s why, this why this night is called “Laila-tul-Mubaraka ”
The author of Ruh AL Bayan, Shaykh Ismail Haqqi (May Allah shower His Mercy on him) writes:
This night is a night of blessings because all blessings descend on those who do good deeds in this night & every grain from the ‘Arsh of Allah (Swt) to the deepest point in the universe receives the blessings of the beauty of Allah (Swt).
The reason for calling it Lailatul Bara’a:
The word “Bara’a” means to get freed. In this blessed night, the sinners are given their freedom & the virtuous are given the glad tidings of closeness of Allah (Swt).For this reason, this night is called Shab-e-Baraat.
Those worshippers of Allah (Swt) who remain in His presence & devote themselves to Him with their whole being, they are given the certificate of acceptance of Allah (Swt) even in this sensory world:
When Hazrath Umar bin Abdul Aziz (May Allah shower His Mercy on him) raised his head after finishing his Salaat, he saw a green paper whose light was till the sky & on it was written: This is an assurance from the Powerful King to Umar Bin Abdul Aziz that is he is safe from the fire of Hell.
(Ruh Al Bayan, Vol 8, Pg No: 447)
Radiance on Kaba (Fazail Importance Shab Barat 2018 فضل ليلة النصف من شعبان)
Shab-e-Baraat – The night of intercession
This night all affairs are decided. The reward for worship is given to the fullest possible extent & countless blessings descend. Many sinners are forgiven.
Apart from all this, one more reason for the superiority of this night is that in this night Allah (Swt) promised His beloved Prophet that He will forgive His entire Ummah, as given in this Hadith in Ruh Al Bayan, Vol 8, Pg No: 449, Ruh Al Ma’ani, Vol 3, Vol 14, Pg No: 179, Haashiyatul Jamal, Vol 4, Pg No: 100, Haashitaus Sawi, Vol 4, 57:
Translation: It has been narrated on the authority of Hazrath Aisha Sididqua (RA): I saw the Holy Prophet (ﷺ) praying in Sajdah (prostration). Hazrath Jibrail (Ra) came & said: O Prophet of Allah! This night, Allah (Swt) has freed one-third of Your Ummat from the fire of hell through Your intercession.
The Holy Prophet (ﷺ) prayed some more. Then Jibrail (As) came & said: Allah (Swt) sends His Salaam to You & says: I have freed half of Your Ummat from the fire of Hell. The Holy Prophet (ﷺ) prayed some more. Jibrail (Peace be upon him) came & said: Allah (Swt) has freed all Your Ummat from the fire of hell through Your intercession except that person from whom some person demands some rights until that person does not please the one who demands.
The Holy Prophet (ﷺ) prayed some more. Jibrail (As) said: Allah (Swt) has given His assurance that He will please those who demand rights with His grace & benevolence.
It is mentioned in Ruh Al Bayan, Ruh Al Ma’ani, Haashiyatul Jamal, Haashiyatus Sawi & other books of Tafseer that the Holy Prophet (ﷺ) prayed for the Ummat on 13th & 14th nights of Sha’aban & on the 15th night of Sha’aban, Allah (Swt) promised that He will forgive the entire of Ummat of the Holy Prophet (ﷺ).
These Hadith show the grace, benevolence & mercy which the Holy Prophet (ﷺ) has for the Ummat that until the whole Ummat was forgiven, He (ﷺ) kept praying & this continued till dawn.
The Lord Almighty kept on forgiving the Ummat until the Holy Prophet (ﷺ) was pleased because this is what Allah (Swt) wants. Accordingly He says:
& soon will thy Guardian-Lord give thee (that wherewith) thou shalt be well-pleased. Sureh Adh-Dhuha (93:5)
It is given in a Hadith Qudsi:
Translation: All desire My pleasure & I desire Yours. (Jawahirul Bihar)
Night of forgiveness (Fazail Importance Shab Barat 2018 فضل ليلة النصف من شعبان)
In this universe, the Prophets & the angels are innocent & the Auliya are saved by Allah (Swt) from sins. Either deliberately or unwittingly, common men end up committing sins. Allah (Swt) has not only given warnings on committing sins, He has also encouraged people to ask for His forgiveness & Allah (Swt) has called Himself as Ghaffar (The forgiver), so that people have hope that Allah (Swt) may forgive them & the height of His benevolence is that in this limited earthly life, He has granted many special days & nights in which the sinners are easily forgiven. One among these special days & nights is Shab-e-Bara’at. It is given in the Hadith:
Translation: It has been narrated on the authority of Hazrath Abu Moosa ‘Ash’ari (May Allah SWT be well pleased with him) that the Holy Prophet (ﷺ) said: In Shab-e-Bara’at, Allah (Swt) casts His radiance of mercy & forgiveness on the worshippers; & except those who associate others with Allah (Swt) (Mushrik), those who bear ill will towards others, those who hold the wrong ”Aqida, the whole creation is forgiven.
(Sunan Ibn Majah, Pg. No. 99, Hadith No: 1380; Musnad Ahmed Hadith No: 6353; Shu’abul Imaan Vol. 2, Pg. No. 121, Hadith No: 3672; Al Mojam Kabeer, Vol. 2, Pg. No. 109; Hilyatul Auliya, Vol. 5, Pg. No. 191; Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaiba, Vol. 7, Pg. No. 139 Hadith No: 150; Al Matalib Ul A’aliya li ibn Hajr Asqalani, Hadith No: 1133; Mojam Ausat Tabarani, Hadith No: 6967; Mojam Kabeer Tabarani, Hadith No: 16639, Musannaf Abdur Razzaq, Vol. 4, Pg. No. 317, Hadith No: 7923, Majma Uz Zawaid, Vol. 8, Pg. No. 65, Kanz Ul Ummal, Hadith No: 35175, Subul Ul Huda War Rashad, Vol. 8, Pg. No. 433, Tafseer Durre Manthur, Vol. 5, Pg. No. 741- Sureh Dukhan)
Explaining the Arabic word” Mushahin” which is mentioned in the Hadith, Imaam Auza’i (May Allah SWT shower His Mercy on him) writes that this word means those who hold the wrong ‘Aqida & have gone outside the ‘Aqida of the Ahle Sunnah, as given in Sunan Ibn Majah, Pg. No. 99.
Hazrath Shah Abdul Haq Muhaddith Delhwi (May Allah SWT shower His Mercy on him) writes the meaning of the abovementioned word: Those who hold the wrong ‘Aqida which is outside the ‘Aqida of the Ahle Sunnah. (Mushahin)
This word comes from “Shahna,” which also means wrongly hating somebody & having enmity.
In Shab-e-Bara’at, Allah (Swt) forgives everybody. They include those who commit major and/or minor sins & those who do something against the preferred way as well. The word forgiveness here has vast meaning. It means forgiveness of sins for the sinners & granting Qurb to those who are virtuous.
As per this Hadith, 2 kinds of sinners will not be forgiven even on this night. One is a Mushrik, i.e. those who associate somebody with Allah (Swt). This is such a major sin that Allah (Swt) has called it a great wrong:
Behold, Luqman said to his son admonishing him: “O my son! Join not in worship (others) with Allah: for false worship is indeed the highest wrong-doing.”
Sureh Luqman (31:13)
This (coming) verse also mentions that the Mushrik will never be forgiven.
Allah forgiveth not that partners should be set up with him; but He forgiveth anything, else to whom He pleaseth; to set up partners with Allah is to devise a sin most heinous indeed. Sureh Nisa (4:48)
Only those people will experience the sweet taste of Imaan & only those people will be granted the perfection of Imaan & only those people will be successful in the afterlife whose love & hate is for the sake of Allah (Swt) & the Holy Prophet (ﷺ) as given in the Hadith:
The one who loves for the sake of Allah (Swt) & hates for the sake of Allah (Swt); who gives for the pleasure of Allah (Swt) & withholds for Allah (Swt) achieves the perfection of Iman. (Sunan Abu Dawood, Hadith No: 4061)
Those who harbor jealousy & enmity for the love of this world, for the love of position & power, for their own sake & out of whisperings of Satan will not be forgiven on this night.
As mentioned in other Hadith, backbiters, those who are disobedient to their parents, those who let their lower garments fall below the ankle will also not be forgiven. In this Hadith, only 2 have been mentioned as these are the sources of all sins. Those who commit these 2 sins normally are not safe from the other sins as well. (Excellence Fazail importance Shab e Barat Hadith)